Fairweather Friends? Canada–United States Environmental Relations in the Days of Trump and the Era of Climate Change
The Trump administration has certainly marked a radical departure in some (though not all) of the policy orientations familiar to observers of the U.S.–Canada relationship. An increasingly important question, then, is whether this relationship, on the whole cordial if viewed from within the limited prism of government-to-government relations, will become increasingly strained as climate change takes a greater physical, financial, and emotional toll on the continent. Is the unique relationship as resilient as preceding decades of cooperation and collaboration would suggest, or is its fragility gradually increasing as we become more aware of, and yet proceed to take limited steps to mitigate, the impact of climate change? Looking beyond the currently heated Ottawa–Washington dynamic, most of the policy collaboration shared by the two countries has been taking shape at the subnational level, especially in fields related to biodiversity conservation, migratory species, resource sharing, water management, and other areas. Even these relationships will be tested by the waters to come.
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