Designing a Policy Response to Populism and the ‘Wicked’ Issues of Exclusion, Unemployment, Poverty and Climate Change

  • Janet McIntyre-MillsEmail author
Part of the Contemporary Systems Thinking book series (CST)


This paper scopes out a response to the new populism based on anger and a sense of exclusion by those left behind by a neo-liberal economy resulting in high levels of unemployment or underemployment. Unemployment has been represented as a problem associated with policy representations ranging from the most conservative to more progressive approaches, for example, lack of appropriate skills, lack of motivation, over mechanisation, lack of resources, lack of will from government, lack of capability as a result of lack of vision and imagination, inability to include diverse representations of the so-called problem and the need for transformational systemic thinking and practice to ensure integrated blue economy approaches within a cascade economy. The issue has been problematised by the left as too little too late for specific interest groups by critical spectators who no longer demonstrate alternatives, according to Rorty (Achieving our country: The William E. Massey Sr. Lectures in the History of American Civilization. Harvard University Press, 1999) in Achieving Our Country. The right has characterised unemployment as a lack of appropriate education or associated with poor management of resources by families, communities, schools or tertiary educators.


Anger Elitism Inequality Reframing governance Blue economics Socio-environmental justice 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Flinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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