Exclosures as Primary Option for Reforestation in Dogu’a Tembien

  • Miro JacobEmail author
  • Sil Lanckriet
  • Katrien Descheemaeker
Part of the GeoGuide book series (GEO)


The Tigray region has won the UN-backed Future Policy Gold Award in 2017 by demonstrating that “the more people, the less erosion” can be a reality. Behind this success story stands a long-term policy with large-scale investments in soil and water conservation, exclosures and reforestation. Exclosures are areas where trees and vegetation can naturally regenerate, and from which livestock and uncontrolled woodcutting are excluded; they are commonly found on steep degraded slopes. In Dogu’a Tembien, these exclosures are often managed under village bylaws and can deliver ample non-timber forest products, such as honey and frankincense.

Further Reading

  1. Aerts R, November E, Mintesinot Behailu, Deckers J, Hermy M, Muys B (2002) Forest rehabilitation: one approach to water conservation in Central Tigray. Ethiopian Journal of Water Science and Technology 6, 34–37Google Scholar
  2. Bedru Babulo, Muys B, Fredu Nega, Tollens E, Nyssen J, Deckers J, Mathijs E (2009) The economic contribution of forest resource use to rural livelihoods in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Forest Policy and Economics 11(2), 109–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Descheemaeker K, Nyssen J, Rossi J, Poesen J, Mitiku Haile, Raes D, Muys B, Moeyersons J, Deckers S (2006) Sediment deposition and pedogenesis in exclosures in the Tigray Highlands, Ethiopia. Geoderma 132, 291–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Etefa Guyassa, Frankl A, Amanuel Zenebe, Lanckriet L, Biadgilgn Demissie, Gebreyohannes Zenebe, Poesen J, Nyssen J (2018) Changes in land use/cover mapped over 80 years in the highlands of northern Ethiopia. Journal of Geographical Sciences 28(10): 1538–1563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lanckriet S, Rucina S, Frankl A, Ritler A, Gelorini V, Nyssen (2015) Nonlinear vegetation cover changes in the North Ethiopian Highlands: evidence from the Lake Ashenge closed basin. Science of the Total Environment 536: 996–1006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Nyssen J, Frankl A, Mitiku Haile, Hurni H, Descheemaeker K, Crummey D, Ritler A, Portner B, Nievergelt B, Moeyersons J, Munro RN, Deckers J, Billi P, Poesen J (2014) Environmental conditions and human drivers for changes to north Ethiopian mountain landscapes over 145 years. Science of the Total Environment 485–486: 164–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wolde Mekuria, Veldkamp E, Mesfin Tilahun, Olschewski R (2011) Economic valuation of land restoration: the case of exclosures established on communal grazing lands in Tigray, Ethiopia. Land Degradation and Development 22: 334–344Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miro Jacob
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sil Lanckriet
    • 1
  • Katrien Descheemaeker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Plant Production Systems, Wageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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