Forest and Woodland Vegetation in the Highlands of Dogu’a Tembien

  • Raf AertsEmail author
Part of the GeoGuide book series (GEO)


Much of the available land in Dogu’a Tembien is under cultivation or is used as grazing land. Open woodland of small shrub and tree species has regenerated during the past decades in exclosures (see Chap.  18), but semi-natural forest vegetation remains largely restricted to small, isolated patches. These patches are most often church yards and other sacred sites. In this chapter, the historical forest vegetation of the Ethiopian highlands and how this vegetation changed are briefly described, an overview of the different Afromontane forest types of the Ethiopian highlands is given and the present vegetation of church forests in the dry Afromontane forest zone is described. Against this broad ecological background of the dry Afromontane forests, the forest and woodland vegetation of Dogu’a Tembien is discussed.

Further Reading

  1. Aerts R, Van Overtveld K, Haile M, Hermy M, Deckers J, Muys B (2006) Species composition and diversity of small Afromontane forest fragments in northern Ethiopia. Plant Ecology 187:127–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aerts R, Van Overtveld K, November E, Wassie A, Abiyu A, Demissew S, Daye DD, Giday K, Haile M, TewoldeBerhan S, Teketay D, Teklehaimanot Z, Binggeli P, Deckers J, Friis I, Gratzer G, Hermy M, Heyn M, Honnay O, Paris M, Sterck FJ, Muys B, Bongers F, Healey JR (2016) Conservation of the Ethiopian church forests: threats, opportunities and implications for their management. Science of the Total Environment 551–552:404–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aynekulu E, Aerts R, Moonen P, Denich M, Gebrehiwot K, Vagen TG, Mekuria W, Boehmer HJ (2012) Altitudinal variation and conservation priorities of vegetation along the Great Rift Valley escarpment, northern Ethiopia. Biodiversity and Conservation 21:2691–2707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aynekulu E, Aerts R, Denich M, Negussie A, Friis I, Demissew S, Boehmer HJ (2016) Plant diversity and regeneration in a disturbed isolated dry Afromontane forest in northern Ethiopia. Folia Geobotanica 51:115–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Darbyshire I, Lamb H, Umer M (2003) Forest clearance and regrowth in Northern Ethiopia during the last 3000 years. The Holocene 13:537–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Friis I, Demissew S, van Breugel P (2010) Atlas of the potential vegetation of Ethiopia. Biol. Skr. Dan. Vid. Selsk. 58:1–307.Google Scholar
  7. Klepeis P, Orlowska IA, Kent EF, Cardelús CL, Scull P, Eshete AW, Woods C (2016) Ethiopian church forests: a hybrid model of protection. Human Ecology 44:715–730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Scull P, Cardelús CL, Klepeis P, Woods CL, Frankl A, Nyssen J (2017) The resilience of Ethiopian church forests: interpreting aerial photographs, 1938–2015. Land Degradation and Development 28: 450–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Woods CL, Cardelús CL, Scull P, Wassie A, Baez M, Klepeis P (2017) Stone walls and sacred forest conservation in Ethiopia. Biodiversity and Conservation 26: 209–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations