This chapter draws lessons from Japanese machizukuri activities, which represent one of the most dynamic opportunities for participatory climate change adaptation in Africa. This chapter adopts a literature-based exploratory and dialectical approach to examine community’s role in climate change adaptation. It highlights the challenges and recent consensus on citizens’ role in climate change adaptation. Within this context, the chapter discusses Japanese machizukuri activities as providing ‘the how’ of promoting and strengthening community participation in climate change adaptation in urban Ghana. Findings indicate an existing potential for participatory planning in climate change adaptation in urban Ghana. However, to confront climate change impacts, there is the need for greater collaborative planning through networking, exploiting social capital, and integrating intangible sociocultural factors into urban climate adaptation planning.
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At the time of writing, there were 254 District Assemblies (DA) in Ghana including metropolitan assemblies (6), municipal assemblies (88) and District Assemblies (160). The term District Assemblies is used generically, and is either Metropolitan (big towns and cities with population of over 250,000), municipal (small to medium-size towns with population over 95,000) and District (small towns and villages with population over 75,000).
Within this, urban, area and zonal councils are formed for settlements with populations above 15,000, 5000–15,000 and 3000 respectively. Unit committees are formed for populations of 500–1000 and 1500 in rural and urban areas respectively.
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Okyere, S.A., Diko, S.K., Abunyewah, M., Kita, M. (2019). Toward Citizen-Led Planning for Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Ghana: Hints from Japanese ‘Machizukuri’ Activities. In: Cobbinah, P.B., Addaney, M. (eds) The Geography of Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04873-0_14
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