Realizing and Problematizing a V2G Future

  • Lance NoelEmail author
  • Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens
  • Johannes Kester
  • Benjamin K. Sovacool
Part of the Energy, Climate and the Environment book series (ECE)


In this concluding chapter, we first review the three central research questions of vehicle-to-grid, namely its benefits, its barriers, and the policies required to ensure its diffusion. These themes are then compared and contrasted with current expert perspectives. Next, the chapter problematizes a vehicle-to-grid future, focusing on five elements in the context of energy transitions that could threaten the potential of V2G: equity and access, privacy and cybersecurity, affirmation of conventional automobility, vulnerable groups and pollution, and energy justice. Then, the chapter focuses on six thematic research gaps, particularly emphasizing a lack of social research in vehicle-to-grid. Finally, the chapter concludes with methodological research gaps, underscoring the need for multi-method interdisciplinary approaches to overcome transformative failures and research to broaden the cases of vehicle-to-grid systems.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lance Noel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens
    • 1
  • Johannes Kester
    • 1
  • Benjamin K. Sovacool
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Business and TechnologyAarhus UniversityHerningDenmark
  2. 2.Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU)University of Sussex UnitFalmerUK
  3. 3.Universiti Tenaga NasionalKajangMalaysia

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