History, Definition, and Status of V2G

  • Lance NoelEmail author
  • Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens
  • Johannes Kester
  • Benjamin K. Sovacool
Part of the Energy, Climate and the Environment book series (ECE)


Starting with the basics, this chapter defines the conceptualization of vehicle-to-grid and reviews the three elements necessary to a vehicle-to-grid system, including a power connection, communication capability and aggregation, and the means to audit services rendered to the grid. Next, the focus turns to the services that vehicle-to-grid can and, in the future, will offer to the electricity grid, and their respective suitability. Additionally, this chapter discusses how the basic tenets of vehicle-to-grid can be applied to a variety of other neighboring concepts, such as vehicle-to-home or vehicle-to-building, each with their own benefits and costs. The chapter lastly outlines the primary and secondary actors within a typical vehicle-to-grid system.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lance Noel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens
    • 1
  • Johannes Kester
    • 1
  • Benjamin K. Sovacool
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Business and TechnologyAarhus UniversityHerningDenmark
  2. 2.Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU)University of Sussex UnitFalmerUK
  3. 3.Universiti Tenaga NasionalKajangMalaysia

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