The Puzzles of the First American Immigration

  • Gero VoglEmail author


Who were the first Americans, where did they come from and how did they spread? The story is as thrilling as an adventure story—in fact, it is one. And at the same time, it is a detective story, since not all the puzzle pieces have been found yet, and more investigation is needed to find a solution that satisfies everyone (assuming that is possible at all).


  1. A.J. Ammerman, L.L. Cavalli-Sforza, The Neolithic Transition and the Genetics of Populations in Europe (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. K. Aoki, Modelling the dispersal of the First Americans through an inhospitable ice-free corridor. Anthropol. Sci. 101, 79–89 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. M. Bodner, U.A. Perego, G. Huber et al., Rapid coastal spread of First Americans: Novel insights from South America’s Southern Cone mitochondrial genomes. Genome Res. 22, 811–820 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. T.D. Dillehay, C. Ocampo, J. Saavedra et al., New archaeological evidence for an early human presence at Monte Verde, Chile. Plos One 10(11), e0141923 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. R.A. Fisher, The wave of advance of advantageous genes. Ann. Eugen. 7, 355–369 (1937)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. M.T.P. Gilbert, D.L. Jenkins, A. Götherstrom et al., DNA from pre-Clovis human coprolites in Oregon, North America. Science 320, 786–789 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. T. Goebel, M.R. Waters, D.H. O’Rourke, The late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas. Science 319, 1497–1502 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. B. Llamas, L. Fehrens-Schmitz, G. Valverde et al., Sci. Adv. 2(4), e1501385 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. A. Marangoni, D. Caramelli, G. Manzi, Homo sapiens in the Americas. Overview of the earliest human expansion in the New World. J. Anthropol. Sci. 92, 79–97 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. D.J. Meltzer, First Peoples in a New World. Colonizing Ice Age America (University of California Press, London, 2009)Google Scholar
  11. M.W. Pedersen, A. Ruter, C. Schweger et al., Postglacial viability and colonization in North America’s ice-free corridor. Nature 537, 45–49 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. K.B. Schroeder, T.G. Schurr, J.C. Long et al., A private allele ubiquitous in the Americas. Biol. Lett. (2007) Scholar
  13. P. Skoglund, D. Reich, A genomic view of the peopling of the Americas. Curr. Opin. Genet. & Dev. 41, 27–35 (2016)Google Scholar
  14. J. Steele, J. Adams, T. Sluckin, Modelling Paleo-Indian dispersals. World Archaeol. 30, 286–305 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. S. Wang, C.M. Lewis Jr., M. Jakobsson et al., Genetic variation and population structure in Native Americans. PLoS Genet. 3(11), e185 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät für PhysikUniversität WienViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations