Hierarchies—Construction of Large-Scale Systems

  • Jeffrey Yi-Lin ForrestEmail author
Part of the IFSR International Series in Systems Science and Systems Engineering book series (IFSR, volume 32)


This chapter investigates the existence and construction of very large systems, named hierarchies of systems and their mappings properties. In particular, Section 5.1 looks at when linkages between state systems of different time moments could exist. Section 5.2 considers the mappings from hierarchies of systems into hierarchies of systems and related properties. Section 5.3 focuses on the special case of time systems.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessSlippery Rock UniversitySlippery RockUSA

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