• Jeffrey Yi-Lin ForrestEmail author
Part of the IFSR International Series in Systems Science and Systems Engineering book series (IFSR, volume 32)


In our modern times, science develops quickly, technology renews itself in front of our very eyes, and management theories evolve in different directions. The most important and most obvious characteristic of the quickly developing science is that the forest of specialized and interdisciplinary disciplines can be easily seen, yet the boundaries of disciplines become blurred. In terms of the speedy renewing of technology, the most important and most obvious characteristic is that generations of newer gadgets with better functionalities appear with shortening time intervals, while unexpected products are designed and introduced into the marketplace in abundance. Regarding modern management techniques, an increasing number of new theories are developed with forever different insights provided.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessSlippery Rock University School of BusinessSlippery RockUSA

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