Practising Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) with Male Civilians and Male Veterans
This chapter examines the rationale for, and use of, eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) with men—both male civilians and male veterans. It is argued that there are good reasons why EMDR may be the psychotherapeutic tool of choice when working with many males at different stages through the lifespan, allowing previously unidentified links to be made between unresolved difficulties at different times of life, defence mechanisms to be circumvented, and associated traumatic memories to be resolved. Case examples are used to show how, via EMDR Therapy, men can often resolve potentially conflicted feelings and the behaviours that go with them, and achieve a deeper, more connected, and authentic sense of self.
KeywordsMen EMDR Veterans Defence mechanisms
The author would like to acknowledge the incisive comments of Professor Jamie Hacker Hughes, Dr. Jim Knipe, and Dr. Emily Wood during the writing of this chapter.
- Cochran, S. V., & Rabinowitz, F. E. (2000). Men and depression: Clinical and empirical perspectives. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Connell, R.W. (2005). Masculinities (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
- De Bont, P. A., van den Berg, D. P., van der Vleugel, B. M., de Roos, C., De Jongh, A., van der Gaag, M. R., et al. (2016). Prolonged exposure and EMDR for PTSD v. A waiting-list condition: Effects on symptoms of psychosis, depression and social functioning in patients with chronic psychotic disorders. Psychological Medicine, 46(11), 2411–2421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- de Roos, C. (2011). A randomised comparison of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in disaster exposed children. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2, 5694. https://doi.org/10.3402/elpt.v2i0.5694.
- EMDR Institute. (2017a). Research overview. Retrieved by RK January 12, 2017, http://www.emdr.com/research-overview/.
- EMDR Institute. (2017b). General information: What is EMDR? Retrieved by January 12, 2017, http://www.emdr.com/what-is-emdr/.
- Hacker Hughes, J. (2017). Military veteran psychological health and social care: Contemporary issues. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Houses of Parliament. (2016). Psychological health of military personnel. Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, Postnote, 518.Google Scholar
- Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking, fast and slow. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
- Kamienski, L. (2016). Shooting up: A history of drugs in warfare. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kingerlee, R. (2001). Maennliches, Allzumaennliches: Psychological Models of Masculinity in Doeblin, Musil, and Jahnn. Lewiston, Queenston, and Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
- Knipe, J. (2015). EMDR toolbox: Theory and treatment of complex PTSD and dissociation. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Knipe, J. (2017). Personal communication with the author.Google Scholar
- National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE). (2005). NICE guidelines: Short form recommendations. Guidance.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/Live/10966/29770/29770.doc.
- Shapiro, F. (1989). Efficacy of the eye movement desensitization procedure in the treatment of traumatic memories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18, 607–616.Google Scholar
- Shapiro, F. (2017). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: Basic principles, protocols, and procedures (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Theweleit, K. (1977). Maennerphantasien (2 vols.). Frankfurt-am-Main: Rowolht.Google Scholar
- Trivers, R. (2011). The folly of fools: The logic of deceit and self-deception in human life. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Waterfield, R. (2002). Hidden depths: The story of hypnosis. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Westwood, M. (2017). Personal communication with the author, July 2017.Google Scholar
- Woodley, L. (2017). Personal communication with the author.Google Scholar