Counselling MaleMilitary Personnel and Veterans: Addressing Challenges and Enhancing Engagement

  • Duncan Shields
  • Marvin Westwood


Models for therapy have not been fully developed that contextualize delivery to the unique challenges presented by traditional masculine socialization generally, and the hyper-masculine “warrior” culture of the military specifically. This disconnect between the culture of therapy and the culture of the military inadvertently reinforces service avoidance and fear of stigmatization for those with war related stress injuries or other mental health challenges. In order to sensitize professionals for practice with this population, questions for individual work and a group case example are presented in order to contrast military masculine gender role norms with how mental health challenges are framed as disorder, and to consider how traditional masculine role narratives may influence the experience of mental health challenges, and treatment uptake and engagement.


Male military personnel Veterans Enhancing engagement 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Duncan Shields
    • 1
  • Marvin Westwood
    • 1
  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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