From Stereotypes to Archetypes: An Evolutionary Perspective on Male Help-Seeking and Suicide
This chapter will explore suicidal behaviour amongst males in the context of the evolution of our species and in particular the age-old role of the male as fighter, hunter, provider and protector. It will be shown that this evolutionary heritage is universal across our species and can be understood more in terms of a ‘male archetype’ that is closer to being an embodied drive or instinct than a mere ‘stereotype’ learned purely from social or cultural influences. It will be argued on the basis of incontestable cross-cultural patterns of behaviour that if we truly wish to prevent male suicide we need to respect this universal male archetype but find new ways of expressing, adapting and applying it in a changing social world rather than attempting to deconstruct it or deny its existence.
KeywordsMale suicide Male gender script Archetype Stereotype Man talk
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