Skip to main content

Mindfulness-Based Workplace Interventions for Wellness Promotion

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Mental Health in the Workplace

Part of the book series: Integrating Psychiatry and Primary Care ((IPPC))

Abstract

Excessive workplace stress is associated with considerable human, social, and economic costs, including increased somatic and mental health problems among employees as well as increased absenteeism, decreased workplace morale, and decreased productivity. Particular forms of workplace stress, such as “burnout” or “compassion fatigue,” are increasingly recognized as contributing to workplace problems among specific populations such as nurses, physicians, and other critical responders. Various forms of workplace stress reduction programs have been introduced and evaluated for effectiveness for workplace stress reduction since the 1970s; many have incorporated various forms of meditation as well as other mind-body approaches, such as relaxation training. The past 15 years has seen an explosion of interest and accessibility of interventions involving “mindfulness training”/mindfulness meditation, which promoters promise will decrease workplace stress and improve employee well-being and ultimately increase productivity and corporate profits. Mindfulness-based programs have now been implemented in the workplace in a wide variety of contexts—from corporate executives to line workers—including Fortune 500 corporations, intensive care unit medical staff, teachers and students, lawyers and judges, and even mine workers. This wide embrace of mindfulness training has led to workplace mindfulness training becoming a big business in itself, sometimes leading to overblown claims in the advertising of its potential benefits. This chapter will discuss several of the most widely utilized mindfulness and relaxation programs for the workplace and critically review evidence of their efficacy in reducing employee stress and improving well-being.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

  1. Van Dam NT, van Vugt MK, Vago DR, Schmalzl L, Saron CD, Olendzki A, Meissner T, Lazar SW, Kerr CE, Gorchov J, Fox KCR, Field BA, Britton WB, Brefczynski-Lewis JA, Meyer DE. Mind the hype: a critical evaluation and prescriptive agenda for research on mindfulness and meditation. Perspect Psychol Sci. 2018;13(1):36–61. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691617709589.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Janssen M, Heerkens Y, Kuijer W, van der Heijden B, Engels J. Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on employees’ mental health: a systematic review. PLoS One 2018;13(1):e0191332. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191332. eCollection 2018. Review.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Luken M, Sammons A. Systematic review of mindfulness practice for reducing job burnout. Am J Occup Ther. 2016;70:7002250020.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Regehr C, Glancy D, Pitts A, LeBlanc VR. Interventions to reduce the consequences of stress in physicians. A review and meta-analysis. J Nerv Ment Dis 2014; 202(5): 353–359. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000130 . PMID: 24727721.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Virgili M. Mindfulness-based interventions reduce psychological distress in working adults: a metaanalysis of intervention studies. Mindfulness. 2013;6:326–37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-013-0264-0.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Burton A, Burgess C, Dean S, Koutsopoulou GZ, Hugh-Jones S. How effective are mindfulness-based interventions for reducing stress among healthcare professionals? A systematic review and meta-analysis Stress Health. 2016. 33(1):3-13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.2673. PMID: 26916333.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Jamieson SD, Tuckey MR. Mindfulness interventions in the workplace: a critique of the current state of the literature. J Occup Health Psychol 2017;22(2):180-193. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/ocp0000048. Epub 2016 Sep 19.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Lazarus RS. Some principles of psychological stress and their relation to dentistry. J Dent Res. 1966;45(6):1620–6. https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345660450060901.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Holt RR. Occupational stress. In: Goldberger L, Breznitz S, editors. Handbook of stress: theoretical and clinical aspects. New York: Free Press; 1982. p. 419–44.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Goh J, Pfeffer J, Zenios SA. The relationship between workplace stressors and mortality and health costs in the United States. Manag Sci. 2015;62(2):608–28.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Roberts GA. Burnout: psychobabble or valuable concept? Br J Hosp Med. 1986;36(3):194–7.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Pines A, Maslach C. Characteristics of staff burnout in mental health settings. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1978;29(4):233–7.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Kaschka WP, Korczak D, Broich K. Burnout: a fashionable diagnosis. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2011;108(46):781-787. doi: https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2011.0781. Epub 2011 Nov 18.

  14. Hülsheger UR, Alberts HJ, Feinholdt A, Lang JW. Benefits of mindfulness at work: the role of mindfulness in emotion regulation, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction. J Appl Psychol. 2013;98:310–25. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031313.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Roeser RW, Schonert-Reichl KA, Jha A, Cullen M, Wallace L, Wilensky R, et al. Mindfulness training and reductions in teacher stress and burnout: results from two randomized, waitlist-control field trials. J Educ Psychol. 2013;105:787–804.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Gunnar M, Quevedo K. The neurobiology of stress and development. Annu Rev Psychol. 2007;58:145–73. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085605.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Leiter MP, Harvie P, Frizzell C. The correspondence of patient satisfaction and nurse burnout. Soc Sci Med. 1998;47(10):1611–7.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. McEwen BS. Central effects of stress hormones in health and disease: Understanding the protective and damaging effects of stress and stress mediators. Eur J Pharmacol 2008;583(2-3):174-185. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.11.071. Epub 2008 Jan 30. Review.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  19. Shanafelt TD, Bradley KA, Wipf JE, Back AL. Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136(5):358–67.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Maslach C, Jackson SE. The measurement of experienced burnout. J Occup Behavior. 1981;2:99–113. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030020205.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Kabat-Zinn J. Bringing mindfulness to medicine: an interview with Jon Kabat-Zinn, PhD. Interview by Karolyn Gazella. Adv Mind Body Med. 2005;21(2):22–7.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Barnes S, Brown KW, Krusemark E, Campbell WK, Rogge RD. The role of mindfulness in romantic relationship satisfaction and responses to relationship stress. J Marital Fam Ther. 2007;33(4):482–500. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2007.00033.x.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. Germer CK, Neff KD. Self-compassion in clinical practice. J Clin Psychol 2013;69(8):856-867. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22021. Epub 2013 Jun 17.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  24. Shapiro SL, Carlson LE, Astin JA, Freedman B. Mechanisms of mindfulness. J Clin Psychol 2006;62(3):373-386. PMID: 16385481.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Bernstein A, Hadash Y, Lichtash Y, Tanay G, Shepherd K, Fresco DM. Decentering and related constructs: a critical review and metacognitive processes model. Perspect Psychol Sci. 2015;10(5):599–617.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  26. Shepherd KA, Coifman KG, Matt LM, Fresco DM. Development of a self-distancing task and initial validation of responses. Psychol Assess. 2016;28(7):841–55.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  27. Linehan MM. Behavioral treatments of suicidal behaviors. Definitional obfuscation and treatment outcomes. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1997 836:302-328. Review.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. Patil SG. Effectiveness of mindfulness meditation (Vipassana) in the management of chronic low back pain. Indian J Anaesth. 2009;53(2):158–63.

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  29. Deyo M, Wilson KA, Ong J, Koopman C. Mindfulness and rumination: does mindfulness training lead to reductions in the ruminative thinking associated with depression? Explore (NY). 2009;5(5):265–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2009.06.005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Gotink RA, Chu P, Busschbach JJ, Benson H, Fricchione GL, Hunink MG. Standardised mindfulness-based interventions in healthcare: an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of RCTs. PLoS One. 2015;10(4):e0124344.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  CAS  Google Scholar 

  31. Ledesma D, Kumano H. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cancer: a meta-analysis. Psychooncology. 2009;18(6):571–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1400.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  32. Anheyer D, Haller H, Barth J, Lauche R, Dobos G, Cramer H. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for treating low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2017;166(11):799–807.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  33. Cramer H, Haller H, Lauche R, Dobos G. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for low back pain. A systematic review. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012;12:162.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  34. Grossman P, Niemann L, Schmidt S, Walach H. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits. A meta-analysis. J Psychosom Res 2004; 57: 35–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3999(03)00573-7. PMID: 15256293.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  35. Lakhan SE, Schofield KL. Mindfulness-based therapies in the treatment of somatization disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2013;8(8):e71834. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071834. eCollection 2013. Review.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  36. Lauche R, Cramer H, Dobos G, Langhorst J, Schmidt S. A systematic review and meta-analysis of mindfulness-based stress reduction for the fibromyalgia syndrome. J Psychosom Res 2013;75(6):500–510. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.10.010. Epub 2013 Oct 26. Review.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  37. Bohlmeijer E, Prenger R, Taal E, Cuijpers P. The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis. J Psychosom Res 2010;68(6):539–544. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.005. Epub 2009 Dec 9. Review.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  38. Strauss C, Cavanagh K, Oliver A, Pettman D. Mindfulness-based interventions for people diagnosed with a current episode of an anxiety or depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLoS One 2014;9(4):e96110. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096110. eCollection 2014.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. Goyal M, Singh S, Sibinga EM, Gould NF, Rowland-Seymour A, Sharma R, Berger Z, Sleicher D, Maron DD, Shihab HM, Ranasinghe PD, Linn S, Saha S, Bass EB, Haythornthwaite JA. Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(3):357–68.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  40. Biegel GM, Brown KW, Shapiro SL, Schubert CM. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for the treatment of adolescent psychiatric outpatients: A randomized clinical trial. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009;77(5):855–66. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016241.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  41. Hoge EA, Holzel BK, Marques L, Metcalf CA, Brach N, Lazar SW, Simon NM. Mindfulness and self-compassion in generalized anxiety disorder: examining predictors of disability. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:576258.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  42. Hoge EA, Bui E, Marques L, Metcalf CA, Morris LK, Robinaugh DJ, Worthington JJ, Pollack MH, Simon NM. Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation for generalized anxiety disorder: effects on anxiety and stress reactivity. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013;74(8):786–92.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  43. Hoge EA, Bui E, Palitz SA, Schwarz NR, Owens ME, Johnston JM, Pollack MH, Simon NM. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on biological acute stress responses in generalized anxiety disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2017;262:328–32.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  44. Mason AE, Epel ES, Kristeller J, Moran PJ, Dallman M, Lustig RH, Acree M, Bacchetti P, Laraia BA, Hecht FM, Daubenmier J. Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on mindful eating, sweets consumption, and fasting glucose levels in obese adults: data from the SHINE randomized controlled trial. J Behav Med 201639(2):201-213. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-015-9692-8. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  45. Kimbrough E, Magyari T, Langenberg P, Chesney M, Berman B. Mindfulness intervention for child abuse survivors. J Clin Psychol. 2010;66(1):17–33.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  46. Kelly A, Garland EL. Trauma-informed mindfulness-based stress reduction for female survivors of interpersonal violence: results from a stage I RCT. J Clin Psychol. 2016;72(4):311–28.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  47. Goulao B, MacLennan GS. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for veterans with PTSD. JAMA. 2016;315(1):87–8.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  48. Kahn JR, Collinge W, Soltysik R. Post-9/11 veterans and their partners improve mental health outcomes with a self-directed mobile and web-based wellness training program: a randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2016;18(9):e255.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  49. Kearney DJ, McDermott K, Malte C, Martinez M, Simpson TL. Association of participation in a mindfulness program with measures of PTSD, depression and quality of life in a veteran sample. J Clin Psychol. 2012;68(1):101–16.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  50. Polusny MA, Erbes CR, Thuras P, Moran A, Lamberty GJ, Collins RC, Rodman JL, Lim KO. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for posttraumatic stress disorder among veterans: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2015;314(5):456–65.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  51. Kearney DJ, McDermott K, Malte C, Martinez M, Simpson TL. Effects of participation in a mindfulness program for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized controlled pilot study. J Clin Psychol 2013;69(1):14-27. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.21911. Epub 2012 Aug 28.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  52. Teasdale JD, Moore RG, Hayhurst H, Pope M, Williams S, Segal ZV. Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: empirical evidence. J Consult Clin Psychol 2002;70(2):275-287. PMID: 11952186.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  53. Kuyken W, Warren FC, Taylor RS, Whalley B, Crane C, Bondolfi G, Hayes R, Huijbers M, Ma H, Schweizer S, Segal Z, Speckens A, Teasdale JD, Van Heeringen K, Williams M, Byford S, Byng R, Dalgleish T. Efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in prevention of depressive relapse: an individual patient data meta-analysis from randomized trials. JAMA Psychiat. 2016;73(6):565–74.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. Segal ZV, Bieling P, Young T, MacQueen G, Cooke R, Martin L, Bloch R, Levitan RD. Antidepressant monotherapy vs sequential pharmacotherapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, or placebo, for relapse prophylaxis in recurrent depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(12):1256–64.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  55. Segal ZV, Walsh KM. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for residual depressive symptoms and relapse prophylaxis. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2016;29(1):7–12.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  56. de Jong M, Peeters F, Gard T, Ashih H, Doorley J, Walker R, Rhoades L, Kulich RJ, Kueppenbender KD, Alpert JE, Hoge EA, Britton WB, Lazar SW, Fava M, Mischoulon D. A randomized controlled pilot study on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for unipolar depression in patients with chronic pain. J Clin Psychiatry. 2018; https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.15m10160.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  57. Eisendrath SJ, Gillung E, Delucchi K, Mathalon DH, Yang TT, Satre DD, Rosser R, Sipe WE, Wolkowitz OM. A preliminary study: efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy versus sertraline as first-line treatments for major depressive disorder. Mindfulness (N Y). 2015;6(3):475–82.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  58. Eisendrath SJ, Gillung EP, Delucchi KL, Chartier M, Mathalon DH, Sullivan JC, Segal ZV, Feldman MD. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) versus the health-enhancement program (HEP) for adults with treatment-resistant depression: a randomized control trial study protocol. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014;14:95.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  59. King AP, Erickson TM, Giardino ND, Favorite T, Rauch SA, Robinson E, Kulkarni M, Liberzon I. A pilot study of group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depress Anxiety. 2013;30(7):638–45.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  60. King AP, Block SR, Sripada RK, Rauch SA, Porter KE, Favorite TK, Giardino N, Liberzon I. A pilot study of mindfulness-based exposure therapy in OEF/OIF combat veterans with PTSD: altered medial frontal cortex and amygdala responses in social-emotional processing. Front Psych. 2016;7:154.

    Google Scholar 

  61. King AP, Block SR, Sripada R, Rauch SA, Giardino ND, Favorite T, Angstadt M, Liberzon I. Altered Default Mode Network (DMN) resting state functional connectivity following a mindfulness-based exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in combat veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq. Depress Anxiety. 2016;33(4):289–99.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  62. Davidson RJ, Kabat-Zinn J, Schumacher J, Rosenkranz M, Muller D, Santorelli SF, Urbanowski F, Harrington A, Bonus K, Sheridan JF. Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosom Med. 2003;65(4):564–70.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  63. Martín-Asuero A, García-Banda G. The Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) reduces stress-related psychological distress in healthcare professionals. Span J Psychol. 2010;13(2):897–905.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  64. Bazarko D, Cate RA, Azocar F, Kreitzer MJ. The impact of an innovative mindfulness-based stress reduction program on the health and well-being of nurses employed in a corporate setting. J Work Behav Health. 2013;28:107–33.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  65. Fortney L, Luchterhand C, Zakletskaia L, Zgierska A, Rakel D. Abbreviated mindfulness intervention for job satisfaction, quality of life, and compassion in primary care clinicians: a pilot study. Ann Fam Med. 2013;11:412–20.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  66. Aikens KA, Astin J, Pelletier KR, Levanovich K, Baase CM, Park YY, Bodnar CM. Mindfulness goes to work: impact of an online workplace intervention. J Occup Environ Med. 2014;56(7):721–31. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000209.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  67. Allexandre D, Bernstein AM, Walker E, Hunter J, Roizen MF, Morledge TJ. A web-based mindfulness stress management program in a corporate call center: a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the added benefit of onsite group support. J Occup Environ Med. 2016;58(3):254–64. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000680.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  68. Brady S, O’Connor N, Burgermeister D, Hanson P. The impact of mindfulness meditation in promoting a culture of safety on an acute psychiatric unit. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2012;48:129–37. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6163.2011.00315.x.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  69. Foureur M, Besley K, Burton G, Yu N, Crisp J. Enhancing the resilience of nurses and midwives: pilot of a mindfulness-based program for increased health, sense of coherence and decreased depression, anxiety and stress. Contemp Nurse. 2013;45:114–25.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  70. Horner JK, Piercy BS, Eure L, Woodard EK. A pilot study to evaluate mindfulness as a strategy to improve inpatient nurse and patient experiences. Appl Nurs Res 2014;27(3):198-201. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2014.01.003. Epub 2014 Jan 30.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  71. Shapiro SL, Astin JA, Bishop SR, Cordova M. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: results from a randomized trial. Int J Stress Manag. 2005;12:164–76.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  72. Justo C. Reducción de los niveles de estrés y ansiedad en médicos de Atención Primaria mediante la aplicación de un programa de entrenamiento en conciencia plena (mindfulness). Aten Primaria. 2010;42:564–70.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  73. Krasner MS, Epstein RM, Beckman H, Suchman AL, Chapman B, Mooney CJ, Quill TE. Association of an educational program in mindful communication with burnout, empathy, and attitudes among primary care physicians. JAMA. 2009;302:1284–93. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  74. Goodman MJ, Schorling JB. A mindfulness course decreases burnout and improves well-being among healthcare providers. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2012;43(2):119–28.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  75. Emerson LM, Leyland A, Hudson K, Rowse G, Hanley P, Hugh-Jones S. Teaching mindfulness to teachers: a systematic review and narrative synthesis. Mindfulness. 2017;8:1136. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0691-4.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  76. Benn R, Akiva T, Arel S, Roeser RW. Mindfulness training effects for parents and educators of children with special needs. Dev Psychol. 2012;48:1476–87.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  77. Taylor C, Harrison J, Haimovitz K, Oberle E, Thomson K, Schonert-Reichl K, Roeser RW. Examining ways that a mindfulness-based intervention reduces stress in public school teachers: a mixed methods study. Mindfulness. 2016;7:115–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  78. Jennings PA, Frank JL, Snowberg KE, Coccia MA, Greenberg MT. Improving classroom learning environments by cultivating awareness and resilience in education (CARE): results of a randomized controlled trial. Sch Psychol Q 2013;28 (4):374–390. https://doi.org/10.1037/spq0000035. Epub 2013 Sep 9. PMID: 24015983.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  79. Klatt MD, Buckworth J, Malarkey WB. Effects of low-dose mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR-ld) on working adults. Health Educ Behav. 2009;36:601–14.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  80. Shonin E, Van Gordon W, Dunn TJ, Singh NN, Griffiths MD. Meditation awareness training (MAT) for work-related and job performance: a randomised controlled trial. Int J Ment Heal Addict. 2014;12:806–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-014-9513-2.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  81. van Berkel, J., Boot, C. R. L., Proper, K. I., Bongers, P. M., & van der Beek, A. J. (2014). Effectiveness of a worksite mindfulness-related multi-component health promotion intervention on work engagement and mental health: results of a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 9:e84118. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084118 (Correction published 2015, PLoS One. 10:e0122428. 10.1371/journal.pone.0122428).

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  CAS  Google Scholar 

  82. Walach H, Nord E, Zier C, Dietz-Waschkowski B, Kersig S, Schüpbach H, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction as a method for personnel development: a pilot evaluation. Int J Stress Manag. 2007;14:188–98.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  83. Wolever RQ, Bobinet KJ, McCabe K, Mackenzie ER, Fekete E, Kusnick CA, Baime M. Effective and viable mind-body stress reduction in the workplace: a randomized controlled trial. J Occup Health Psychol. 2012;17(2):246–58.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  84. Huang SL, Li RH, Huang FY, Tang FC, The potential for mindfulness-based intervention in workplace mental health promotion: results of a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One 2015;10(9):e0138089. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138089. eCollection 2015.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  CAS  Google Scholar 

  85. Molek-Winiarska D, Żołnierczyk-Zreda D. Application of mindfulness-based stress reduction to a stress management intervention in a study of a mining sector company. Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2018;24(4):546-556. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2018.1452843. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  86. Christopher MS, Goerling RJ, Rogers BS, Hunsinger M, Baron G, Bergman AL, Zava DT. A pilot study evaluating the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention on cortisol awakening response and health outcomes among law enforcement officers. J Police Crim Psychol. 2016;31:15–28.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  87. Jha AP, Morrison AB, Dainer-Best J, Parker S, Rostrup N, Stanley EA. Minds “at attention”: mindfulness training curbs attentional lapses in military cohorts. PLoS One. 2015;10:e0116889. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116889.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  88. Stanley EA, Schaldach JM, Kiyonaga A, Jha AP. Mindfulness-based mind fitness training: a case study of a high-stress predeployment military cohort. Cogn Behav Pract. 2011;18:566–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2010.08.002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  89. Hülsheger UR, Feinholdt A, Nübold A. A low-dose mindfulness intervention and recovery from work: effects on psychological detachment, sleep quality, and sleep duration. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2015;88:464–89.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  90. Leroy H, Anseel F, Dimitrova NG, Sels L. Mindfulness, authentic functioning, and work engagement: a growth modeling approach. J Vocat Behav. 2013;82:238–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2013.01.012.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  91. Michel A, Bosch C, Rexroth M. Mindfulness as a cognitive-emotional segmentation strategy: an intervention promoting work-life balance. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2014;87:733–54. https://doi.org/10.1111/joop.12072.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  92. Duchemin A, Steinburg BA, Marks DR, Vanover K, Klatt M. A small randomized pilot study of a workplace mindfulness-based intervention for surgical intensive care unit personnel: effects on a salivary a-amylase levels. J Occup Environ Med. 2015;57:393–9. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.00000.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  93. Brooker J, Julian J, Webber L, Chan J, Shawyer F, Meadows G. Evaluation of an occupational mindfulness program for staff employed in the disability sector in Australia. Mindfulness. 2013;4:122–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-012-0112-7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  94. Kabat-Zinn J. Mindfulness meditation: what it is, what it isn’t, and it’s role in health care and medicine. In: Haruki Y, Ishii Y, Suzuki M, editors. Comparative and psychological study on meditation. Netherlands: Eburon; 1996. p. 161–9.

    Google Scholar 

  95. Dobkin PL, Irving JA, Amar S. For whom may participation in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program be contraindicated? Mindfulness. 2011;3(1):44–50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anthony P. King .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Potential Resources (Including Technological Resources)

Potential Resources (Including Technological Resources)

Center for Mindfulness

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

King, A.P. (2019). Mindfulness-Based Workplace Interventions for Wellness Promotion. In: Riba, M., Parikh, S., Greden, J. (eds) Mental Health in the Workplace. Integrating Psychiatry and Primary Care. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04266-0_13

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04266-0_13

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-04265-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-04266-0

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics