Data-Driven Modeling and Quality Control of Variable Duration Batch Processes with Discrete Inputs
Batch process reactors are often used for products where quality is of paramount importance. This Chapter addresses the problem of direct, data-driven, quality control for batch processes. Specifically, previous results using subspace identification for modeling dynamic evolution and making quality predictions are extended with two key novel contributions: first, a method is proposed to account for mid-batch ingredient additions in both the modeling and control stages. Second, a novel model predictive control scheme is proposed that includes batch duration as a decision variable. The efficacy of the proposed modeling and control approaches are demonstrated using a simulation study of a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) reactor. Closed loop simulation results show that the proposed controller is able to reject disturbances in feed stock and drive the number average molecular weight, weight average molecular weight, and conversion to their respective set-points. Specifically, mean absolute percentage errors (MAPE) in these variables are reduced from 8.66%, 7.87%, and 6.13% under traditional PI control to 1.61%, 1.90%, and 1.67% respectively.
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