What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

  • Hannah Rea
  • Krysta LaMotte
  • T. Lindsey BurrellEmail author


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with social-communication deficits and restricted and/or repetitive behaviors and/or interests. The diagnostic criteria of the disorder have evolved over the years with new research on the features, associated symptoms, prevalence, and etiology of the disorder. This chapter offers an overview of the presentation, development, history, prevalence, and impact of ASD on the child and family. Research on the etiology of ASD, including potential risk factors and dispelled myths, is summarized.


Autism spectrum disorder Diagnostic criteria History 



Conflict of interest: The authors have no financial relationships or potential conflicts of interest relevant to this chapter to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannah Rea
    • 1
  • Krysta LaMotte
    • 2
  • T. Lindsey Burrell
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Marcus Autism Center, Children’s Healthcare of AtlantaAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Emory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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