Building the Foundation in Early Infancy, 1–6 Months

  • Tracy Moran VozarEmail author
  • Anna R. Breuer
  • Amie Lofton
  • Sherry S. Heller
  • Amber Evenson


The foundations of social-emotional development are based in the primary caregiving relationship. In the first months of life, development in this area is primarily influenced by the infant’s relationship(s) with his primary caregiver(s), and in turn these relationships are influenced by the infant’s development and behavior. This chapter briefly reviews typical infant development month by month and the bi-directional impact of the relationship and infant behavior on social-emotional development. The ways in which multiple individuals and systems can influence parenting decisions typically formulated during this age period, such as breastfeeding, sleep arrangements, and childcare placement, are highlighted. The chapter ends with a brief review of the assessment process and social-emotional assessment tools that can be used with very young infants and their caregivers.


Early infancy Social-emotional development Social-emotional assessment Parenting in early infancy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tracy Moran Vozar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna R. Breuer
    • 2
  • Amie Lofton
    • 2
  • Sherry S. Heller
    • 2
  • Amber Evenson
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Professional Psychology, University of DenverDenverUSA
  2. 2.School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.School of Medicine and Public Health, University of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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