Introducing Political Entrepreneurship
- 214 Downloads
This chapter offers a practical theory of Political Entrepreneurship. Building on classical and newer definitions of Entrepreneurship as well as Social and Civic Entrepreneurship, it highlights similarities as well as differences between these concepts, and shows Political Entrepreneurship to be the “third wave” of Entrepreneurship. Political Entrepreneurship is about founding new parties, a way to transform political systems from within. Using characteristics of new parties as outlined by Bolleyer (2013), the seven political start-ups portrayed are then analysed accordingly: which ones were founded by outsiders versus insiders, which ones had media access, and which ones have been rooted in civil society. Also, the seven political start-ups are analysed according to their developmental stage: from “founded” through “entered Parliament” to “in Government”. Finally, the chapter offers practical insights into what political start-ups share with their cousins in the business and social sectors.
KeywordsPolitical Entrepreneurship Civic Entrepreneurship Bolley Social Entrepreneurship American Political Development
- Abel, François. “The Political Entrepreneur and the Coordination of the Political Process: A Market Process Perspective of the Political Market”. Review of Austrian Economics 16/2–3, 153–168. 2003.Google Scholar
- Alemanno, A. and Cottakis, M. “Why Europe Needs Civic Entrepreneurs.” Social Europe. 10 November 2017. https://www.socialeurope.eu/why-europe-needs-civic-entrepreneurs. Accessed: 25 May 2018.
- Bornstein, David. “How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas.” Oxford University Press. Oxford. 2010.Google Scholar
- Dahl, Robert: “Who Governs? Democracy and Power in an American City.” New Haven (Conn.): Yale University Press. 1961.Google Scholar
- Eisenmann, Thomas R. “What is Entrepreneurship”. Harvard Business Review. January/February 2013. https://hbr.org/2013/01/what-is-entrepreneurship. Accessed: 25 May 2018.
- Gendron, George. “Flashes of Genius”. Inc. 15 May 1996. https://www.inc.com/magazine/19960515/2083.html. Accessed: 28 May 2018.
- Hederer, Christian. “Political entrepreneurship and institutional change: an evolutionary perspective”. Paper prepared for EAEPE conference, Porto, November 2007. https://www.fep.up.pt/conferencias/EAEPE2007/Papers%20and%20abstracts_CD/Hederer.pdf. Accessed: 26 June 2018.
- Leadbeater, Charles and Goss, Sue. “Civic Entrepreneurship”. Demos. 1998. http://charlesleadbeater.net/wp-content/uploads/1998/01/Civicentrepreneurship.pdf. Accessed: 25 May 2018.
- Robbins, Lionel. “The Theory of Economic Development in the History of Economic Thought.” Macmillian. London and Basingstoke. 1968. https://mises.org/sites/default/files/The%20Theory%20of%20Economic%20Development_2.pdf. Accessed: 25 May 2018.
- Schumpeter, Joseph. “Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy”. Harper Perennial Modern Classics. New York City. 2008.Google Scholar
- Schurenberg, Eric. “What’s an Entrepreneur? The best answer ever.” Inc. 9 January 2012. https://www.inc.com/eric-schurenberg/the-best-definition-of-entepreneurship.html. Accessed: 25 May 2018.
- Thiel, Peter. “Zero to One”. Currency. New York. 2014.Google Scholar