Pseudostatic Analysis of Red Mud Slope Reinforced with Geogrid and Nailing

  • Lakhvir KaurEmail author
  • Prashant Garg
  • Pardeep Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 21)


Red mud is discarded as a waste material while generation of alumina from bauxite. The aim of the research was to carry out the safety analysis of red mud slope of highway embankment by using FEM based software (PLAXIS 2D), introducing geogrid and nail reinforcement separately to avoid settlements in highway embankment. The acceleration at the crest, bottom and toe of the slope observed different for all cases. Mohr Coulomb model was used for slope modelling. The real accelerogram of the El-centro earthquake of 1979 was used for the FEM analysis. The maximum acceleration caused by the earthquake in red mud fill embankment was found to be less at the crest, bottom and toe of the embankment slope after providing reinforcement. The factor of safety of red mud also improved.


Slope stability Red mud Earthquake Embankment Finite element method 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GNDECLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringGNDECLudhianaIndia

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