Advertisement

Pseudostatic Analysis of Red Mud Slope Reinforced with Geogrid and Nailing

  • Lakhvir Kaur
  • Prashant Garg
  • Pardeep Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 21)

Abstract

Red mud is discarded as a waste material while generation of alumina from bauxite. The aim of the research was to carry out the safety analysis of red mud slope of highway embankment by using FEM based software (PLAXIS 2D), introducing geogrid and nail reinforcement separately to avoid settlements in highway embankment. The acceleration at the crest, bottom and toe of the slope observed different for all cases. Mohr Coulomb model was used for slope modelling. The real accelerogram of the El-centro earthquake of 1979 was used for the FEM analysis. The maximum acceleration caused by the earthquake in red mud fill embankment was found to be less at the crest, bottom and toe of the embankment slope after providing reinforcement. The factor of safety of red mud also improved.

Keywords

Slope stability Red mud Earthquake Embankment Finite element method 

References

  1. Melo C, Sharma S (August 2004) Seismic coefficients for pseudostatic slope analysis. In: 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, Vancouver, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  2. Deelwal K, Dharavath K, Kulshreshtha M (2014a) Stabilization of red mud by lime, gypsum and investigating its possible use as a geotechnical material in the civil construction. Int J Adv Eng Technol 7(4):1238Google Scholar
  3. Gaytri VG (2016) Stabilization of clayey soil by using red mud and lime. In: Indian geotechnical conference 2016, pp 1–4Google Scholar
  4. Nawaz I (2013) Disposal and utilization of fly ash to protect the environment. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol 2(10):5259–5266Google Scholar
  5. Singh IB, Chaudhary M, Kashyap R, Verma S, Chaudhary NK (2015) Analysis and amelioration of red mud for its application in geotechnical engineering. Int J Eng Sci Res 3(4):296–300Google Scholar
  6. Deelwal K, Dharavath K, Kulshreshtha M (2014b) Evaluation of characteristic properties of red mud for possible use as a geotechnical material in civil construction. Int J Adv Eng Technol 7(3):1053Google Scholar
  7. Lee KZZ, Chang NY (2012) Predictive modeling on seismic performances of geosynthetic reinforced soil wall. Geotext Geomembr 35:25–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kola N (2013) Lateral earth pressure due to red mud using numerical analysis. In: Indian geotechnical conference, RoorkeeGoogle Scholar
  9. Pandey PK, Li Jawaid A (2015) Soil improvement using red mud and flyash. GJESR Res 1(12):7–9Google Scholar
  10. Sathayarana PVV, Rao SA (2012) Characterization of red mud mix for feasibility in road construction. Int J Eng Sci Res 3(7):20–26Google Scholar
  11. Celik S (2017) An experimental investigation of utilizing waste red mud in soil grouting. KSCE J Civ Eng 21(4):1191–1200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khan SA, Abbas SM (2014) Seismic stability analysis of highway embankment by different ground modification techniques. Int J Innov Res Adv Eng IJIRAE 1(10):54–64Google Scholar
  13. Rout S, Sarat Kumar D (2012) Utility of red mud as an embankment. Int J Earth Sci Eng 5:1645–1651Google Scholar
  14. Rai S, Wasewar K (2012) Neutralization and utilization of red mud for its better waste management. Arch Environ Sci 6:13–33Google Scholar
  15. Sahoo TK, Choudhary AK (2015) Improvement in CBR characteristics of red mud using single geogrid layer. Int J Eng Res Technol 4(3):1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GNDECLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringGNDECLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations