Real Applications

  • Richard Berk


In order to help illustrate the ideas from previous chapters, this chapter provides detailed examples of criminal justice forecasting. These are real applications that led to procedures adopted by criminal justice agencies. As such, they combine a number of technical matters with the practical realities of criminal justice decisions-making. For the reasons already addressed, random forests will be the machine learning method of choice with one exception near the end of the chapter.


  1. Berk, R. A. (2019) Accuracy and fairness for juvenile justice risk assessments. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  2. Heller, K. (2012) Karen Heller: Philadelphia’s murder rate is a deadly, costly epidemic. Philadelphia Inquirer January 4, 2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Berk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CriminologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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