Lower Cretaceous Benthic Foraminifers and Ostracods of the Middle Magdalena Basin, Colombia: Biostratigraphic and Paleoenvironmental Inferences

  • Germán D. PatarroyoEmail author
  • Daine Ceolin
  • Gerson Fauth
  • Gustavo A. Torres
  • Claudia P. Cárdenas
  • Daniel A. Rincón
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in understanding the biostratigraphic framework and depositional environments of the Lower Cretaceous Rosablanca Formation (Middle Magdalena). In order to contribute to this, a micropaleontological study was conducted in two wells that drilled strata of the Rosablanca Formation. Despite the moderate recovery of microfossils, the lower part of the Rosablanca Formation contains several ostracod genera of the families Cytherideidae, Cytheridae, Brachycytheridae, and Cyprididae. This study provides the first evidence of Early Cretaceous ostracods in Colombia. In contrast, the upper part of the Rosablanca Formation contains the benthic foraminifera genera Lenticulina and Choffatella, along with fragments of the Rotaliina and Textulariina suborders. A transitional to normal marine environment is suggested based on the ecologic preferences of the genera Fabanella, Schuleridea, and Perissocytheridea. The Valanginian to Barremian age for the Rosablanca Formation was corroborated with benthic foraminifera, in concordance with previous studies based on macrofossil assemblages.


Benthic foraminifers Ostracods Lower Cretaceous Middle Magdalena Basin Rosablanca formation Biostratigraphy Paleoenvironments 



This contribution wishes to pay tribute to Colombian micropaleontologist Hermann Duque-Caro (1927–2015), whose contagious curiosity and initial discussions about the Cretaceous foraminifers in Colombia were determinant for the first author. This contribution was possible thanks to the support of ICP-ECOPETROL S.A. (Biostratigraphy Team). The authors thank Michele Goulart da Silva for the SEM work and Guilherme Krahl for the optical images in the Stereo Microscope V20. Daiane Ceolin thanks CAPES from the grant (proc. 88,887.111026/2015-00). Two referees contributed with valuable comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. This manuscript was made in collaboration with the CNPq project (309918/2015-4).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Germán D. Patarroyo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daine Ceolin
    • 2
  • Gerson Fauth
    • 2
  • Gustavo A. Torres
    • 1
  • Claudia P. Cárdenas
    • 3
  • Daniel A. Rincón
    • 4
  1. 1.Universidad Industrial de SantanderBucaramangaColombia
  2. 2.ITT Fossil-Instituto Tecnológico de Micropaleontologia, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, UNISINOSSão LeopoldoBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Geología, Universidad EAFITMedellínColombia
  4. 4.Instituto Colombiano del Petróleo (ICP)—ECOPETROL S.A. PiedecuestaSantanderColombia

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