Driver Stress Response to Self-driving Vehicles and Takeover Request – An Expert Assessment

  • Paul MärzEmail author
  • Uwe Handmann
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 876)


A self-driving car that operates on the SAE automation level 3 or 4 can navigate through different traffic conditions without human input. If such a system is on its operating limits, it will emit a takeover request before shutting down. This request will likely generate a physical response of the driver. Our goal is to shed light on the stress perception of drivers in various scenarios. To this end, we have carried out a feasibility study for preparation. Two subjects drove an autonomous vehicle and during the ride ECG signals were recorded, and afterwards evaluated. Unfortunately, the stress reaction to takeover requests could not be investigated, due to the poor function of the autonomous driving mode from the vehicle, however the reaction to autopilot misconduct without warning to the driver could be investigated instead.


Automotive Autonomous driving Stress Take over requests Bio signal measurements ECG 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Positive ComputingRuhr-West UniversityBottropGermany

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