Advertisement

A Proposed Approach for Calculating Collapse Settlement

  • Mohamed G. MareiEmail author
  • Tareq M. Abdelaziz
  • Ahmed M. Ragheb
  • Naema Ali
Conference paper
Part of the Sustainable Civil Infrastructures book series (SUCI)

Abstract

Collapsible soils are problematic soils which exist in numerous areas worldwide. They can be described as metastable soils that lose their strength and deform when they are wetted with/without stress. Several researches have been published regarding their origins, descriptions, characteristics and treatment methods. However, this research aims to explore the deformation behavior of a collapsible soil at different combinations of degrees of saturation and vertical stresses. The results, obtained from several typical and modified single oedometer tests, along with an upcoming experimental tests program would be used to validate a newly proposed approach for more accurate calculation of collapse settlement as opposed to the regularly utilized collapse potential method. The oedometer tests mainly followed the procedure described in the ASTM D5333-03 standard. A comparison was also conducted between the estimated collapse strains at stresses lower than the stress at inundation by following the ASTM D5333-03 calculation procedure and the measured collapse strains at the same stresses from other oedometer tests. The estimated strain approach mostly overestimated the measured collapse strains.

References

  1. Abbeche, K., Ziani, H.: Effect study of the hydraulic gradient and the vertical load on the collapse potential of soils. In: Geo-Shanghai 2014, Shanghai, China, pp. 173–183 (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413388.018
  2. Abdelmohsen, H.H., Ali, N.A.: Practical engineering behavior of Egyptian collapsible soils, laboratory and in-situ experimental study (2017). In: International Conference on Advances in Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Hurghada, Egypt (2017)Google Scholar
  3. Abdrabbo, F.M., Abdelaziz, T.M.: Study of the infiltration of water through collapsible soil. In: Fourth International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, Arizona, United States, pp. 1049–1060 (2006).  https://doi.org/10.1061/40802(189)85
  4. Alwail, T.A., Carlton, L.H.: Collapse mechanisms of low cohesion compacted soils. Environ. Eng. Geosci. 29(4), 345–353 (1992).  https://doi.org/10.2113/gseegeosci.xxix.4.345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. ASTM D5333-03, Standard test method for measurement of collapse potential of soils. ASTM International.  https://doi.org/10.1520/d5333-03
  6. Barden, L., McGown, A., Collins, K.: The collapse mechanism in partly saturated soil. Eng. Geol. 7(1), 49–60 (1973).  https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-7952(73)90006-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Basma, A.A., Tuncer, E.R.: Evaluation and control of collapsible soils. J. Geotech. Eng. 118(10), 1491–1504 (1992).  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1992)118:10(1491)
  8. Choudhury, C., Bharat, T.V.: Collapse behavior of clay soil under one-dimensional (1D) compression condition. In: 50th Indian Geotechnical Conference, Maharashtra, India (2015)Google Scholar
  9. Gaaver, K.E.: Geotechnical properties of Egyptian collapsible soils. Alex. Eng. J. 51(3), 205–210 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2012.05.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Habibagahi, G., Taherian, M.: Prediction of collapse potential for compacted soils using artificial neural networks. Scientia Iranica 11(1&2), 1–20 (2004)Google Scholar
  11. Houston, S.L., Houston W.N., Lawrence, C.A.: Collapsible soil engineering in highway infrastructure development. J. Transp. Eng. 128(3), 295–300 (2002).  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-947x(2002)128:3(295)
  12. Houston, S.L., Houston, W.N., Spadola, D.J.: Prediction of field collapse of soils due to wetting. J. Geotech. Eng. 114(1), 40–58 (1988).  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1988)114:1(40)
  13. Houston, S.L., Houston, W.N., Zapata, C.E., Lawrence, C.: Geotechnical engineering practice for collapsible soils. Geotech. Geol. Eng. 19(3), 333–355 (2001).  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013178226615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jennings, J.E.B., Burland, J.B.: Limitations to the use of effective stresses in partly saturated soils. Géotechnique 12(2), 125–144 (1962).  https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1962.12.2.125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lawton, E.C., Fragaszy, R.J., Hetherington, M.D.: Review of wetting-induced collapse in compacted soil. J. Geotech. Eng. 118(9), 1376–1394 (1992).  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1992)118:9(1376)
  16. Lim, Y.Y., Miller, G.A.: Wetting-induced compression of compacted Oklahoma soils. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 130(10), 1014–1023 (2004).  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)1090-0241(2004)130:10(1014)
  17. Li, P., Vanapalli, S., Li, T.: Review of collapse triggering mechanism of collapsible soils due to wetting. J. Rock Mech. Geotech. Eng. 8(2), 256–274 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrmge.2015.12.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shalaby, S.I.: Potential collapse for sandy compacted soil during inundation. Int. J. Innov. Sci. Eng. Technol. 4(5), 307–314 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. Singhal, S., Sharma, R.S., Phanikumar, B.R.: A laboratory study of collapse behaviour of remoulded loess under controlled wetting and flooding. Geomech. Geoeng. 11(2), 159–163 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1080/17486025.2015.1057620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Walsh, K.D., Houston W.N., Houston S.L.: Evaluation of in-place wetting using soil suction measurements. J. Geotech. Eng. 119(5), 862–873 (1993).  https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1993)119:5(862)

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed G. Marei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tareq M. Abdelaziz
    • 1
  • Ahmed M. Ragheb
    • 1
  • Naema Ali
    • 2
  1. 1.Construction and Building Engineering DepartmentArab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime TransportAlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentKing Marute Engineering Technology InstituteAlexandriaEgypt

Personalised recommendations