Effects of Gait Speed on the Margin of Stability in Healthy Young Adults

Conference paper
Part of the Biosystems & Biorobotics book series (BIOSYSROB, volume 21)


Fall and related injuries are one of the main health problems in people with balance disorders. Thus, the assessment of gait stability is extremely important in the field of rehabilitation. Among the many stability indicators, the Margin of Stability (MoS) could be a good candidate for clinical employment, considering its reliability also on short datasets. However, its correlation with gait parameters is still partially investigated. In this study, the relationship between the MoS and the walking speed was investigated while subjects walked on a treadmill at different speeds. As expected, results revealed that gait speed affected the MoS in the plane of progression: the higher the walking speed, the higher (absolute values) the MoS. Accordingly, in future studies, this metric could provide quantitative measure of stability during activities of daily living, as well, by using inertial motion units.


Higher Walking Speed Inertial Motion Unit Gait Stability Short Datasets Left Iliac Spine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors recognize the advice of Dr. G. Ligorio (with TuringSense) for his assistance with the experimental hardware used in this work.


  1. 1.
    Vaughan, C.L., Davis, B.L., O’Connor, J.C.: Dynamics of Human Gait. Kiboho Publishers, Cape Town (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bruijn, S.M., Meijer, O.G., Beek, P.J., van Dieën, J.H.: Assessing the stability of human locomotion: a review of current measures. J. Roy. Soc. Interface 10, 20120999 (2013). Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sagawa Jr., Y., Turcot, K., Armand, S., Thevenon, A., Vuillerme, N., Watelain, E.: Biomechanics and physiological parameters during gait in lower-limb amputees: a systematic review. Gait and Posture 33, 511–526 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Reynard, F., Vuadens, P., Deriaz, O., Terrier, P.: Could local dynamic stability serve as an early predictor of falls in patients with moderate neurological gait disorders: a reliability and comparison study in healthy individuals and in patients with paresis of the lower extremities. PLoS One 9, e100550 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sivakumaran, S., Schinkel-Ivy, A., Masani, K., Mansfield, A.: Relationship between margin of stability and deviations inspatiotemporal gait features in healthy young adults. Hum. Mov. Sci. 75, 366–373 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hof, A.L.: The “extrapolated center of mass” concept suggests a single control on balance walking. Hum. Mov. Sci. 27, 112–125 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Floor-Westerdijk, M.J., Schepers, H.M., Veltink, P.H., van Asseldonk, E.H.F., Buurke, J.H.: Use of inertial sensors for ambulatory assessment of center-of-mass displacements during walking. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 59(7), 2080–2084 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BioRobotics InstituteScuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly

Personalised recommendations