Skip to main content

The Orion Pottery Repository – A Publicly Available 3D Objects’ Benchmark Database with Texture Information

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection (EuroMed 2018)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNISA,volume 11196))

Included in the following conference series:


Performance evaluation is one of the main research topics in information retrieval. Evaluation metrics in combination with benchmark datasets (groundtruth) are used to quantify various performance aspects of a retrieval algorithm. In this paper, we present the Orion Pottery Repository, a publicly available and domain specific benchmark database. It is based on open source technologies and contains a total of 160 textured 3D digital replicas of ancient Greek pottery. The dataset offered through the repository can be used for performance evaluation experiments of 3D data retrieval algorithms. Orion’s content has been classified according to a pottery shape categorization defined by an in-house developed thesaurus. The repository provides mechanisms that allow a wide range of metadata handling that are based on the CARARE metadata schema which among others it offers the ability to include information related to digitization procedures and their properties.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. 1.

    A 3D object is 2D-manifold if it does not contain non-manifold edges or non-manifold vertices nor self-intersections. With the term non-manifold edge, it is implied that more than two triangles share a common edge and a non-manifold vertex implies that two surface sheets are pinched together at this vertex.


  1. Shilane, P., Min, P., Kazhdan, M., Funkhouser, T.: The Princeton Shape Benchmark. Department of Computer Science, Princeton University (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Koutsoudis, A., Pavlidis, G., Liami, V., Tsiafakis, D., Chamzas, C.: 3D pottery content based retrieval based on pose normalisation and segmentation. J. Cult. Herit. 11, 329–338 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Osada, R., Funkhouser, T., Chazelle, B., Dobkin, D.: Shape distributions. ACM Trans. Graph. 21(4), 807–832 (2002)

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  4. Stergioulas, A.: Development and implementation of a 3D object database, Diploma thesis (in Greek) Xanthi (2018). Accessed 10 Aug 2018

  5. Koukouraki, N.A.: Vessels as Purpose Objects-Design of the Documentation System of the Uses of Ancient Ceramics, Master thesis (in Greek) Heraklion (2005). Accessed 10 Aug 2018

  6. Willis, A.R., Cooper, D.B.: Computational reconstruction of ancient artifacts. IEEE Sig. Process. Mag. 25, 65–83 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. D’Andrea, A., Fernie, K.: 3D Icons Deliverable D6.1 Report on Metadata and Thesauri (2012). Accessed 13 Aug 2018

  8. Shape Retrieval Evaluation Contest (SHREC). Accessed 12 Mar 2018

  9. Standard performance evaluation corporation (SPEC). Accessed 12 Mar 2018

  10. Moreno, A.B., Sánchez, A.: GavabDB: a 3D face database. In: Workshop on biometrics on the Internet COST, Vigo, Spain, 25–26 March, vol. 275, pp. 77–85 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Temerinac, M., Reisert, M., Burkhardt, H.: SHREC’07-protein retrieval challenge. In: Proceedings of Shape Modelling International, Lyon, France (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Botsch, M., Kobbelt, L., Pauly, M., Alliez, P., Lévy, B.: Polygon Mesh Processing. AK Peters, Natick (2010)

    Book  Google Scholar 

  13. Zaharia, T., Preteux, F.: 3D shape-based retrieval within the MPEG-7 framework. In: SPIE Conference on Nonlinear Image Processing and Pattern Analysis XII, San Francisco, California, pp. 133–145 (2001)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Lian, Z., et al.: SHREC’11 track: shape retrieval on non-rigid 3D watertight meshes. In: 4th Eurographics Conference on 3D Object Retrieval, Llandudno, UK, pp. 79–88 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  15. NTU 3D Database. Accessed 15 Mar 2018

  16. Goodall, S., et al.: SCULPTEUR: multimedia retrieval for museums. In: Enser, P., Kompatsiaris, Y., O’Connor, N.E., Smeaton, A.F., Smeulders, A.W.M. (eds.) CIVR 2004. LNCS, vol. 3115, pp. 638–646. Springer, Heidelberg (2004).

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  17. Shilane, P., Min, P., Kazhdan, M., Funkhouser, T.: The Princeton shape benchmark. In: Shape Modeling International, Genova, Italy, pp. 167–178 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  18. SHREC - Correspondence benchmark. Accessed 15 Mar 2018

  19. SHREC - Watertight Models Track. Accessed 11 Mar 2018

  20. SHREC - Structural Shape Retrieval. Accessed 12 Mar 2018

  21. Moreno, A.B., Sánchez, A.: GavabDB: a 3D face database. In: Workshop on biometrics on the Internet COST, Vigo, Spain, vol. 275, pp. 77–85 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Jayanti, S., Kalyanaraman, Y., Iyer, N., Ramani, K.: Developing an engineering shape benchmark for CAD models. Comput. Aided Des. 38(9), 939–953 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. National Design Repository. Accessed 10 Mar 2018

  24. Shape Retrieval Contest for CAD models. Accessed 10 Mar 2018

  25. Lijun, Y., Xiaozhou, W., Sun, Y., Wang, J., Rosato, M.J.: A 3D facial expression database for facial behaviour research. In: IEEE 7th Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Southampton, UK, pp. 211–216 (2006)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Temerinac, M., Reisert, M., Burkhardt, H.: SHREC’07 protein retrieval challenge. In: Shape Modelling International, Lyon, France (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  27. Gorisse, D., Cord, M., Jordan, M. Philipp-Foliguet S., Precioso, F.: 3D content-based retrieval in artwork databases. In: IEEE 3DTV-Conference, Kos Island, Greece (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  28. Gkalelis, N., Kim, H., Hilton, A., Nikolaidis N., Pitas, I.: The i3DPost Multiview and 3D human action/interaction database. In: Visual Media Production, pp. 159–168 (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  29. Horr, C., Brunnett, G.: Similarity estimation on ancient vessels. In: GraphiCon, Moscow State University, pp. 94–100 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  30. D pottery content based retrieval benchmark dataset. Accessed 10 Mar 2018

  31. Koutsoudis, A., Pavlidis, G., Arnaoutoglou, F., Tsiafakis, D., Chamzas, C.: Qp: a tool for generating 3D models of ancient Greek pottery. J. Cult. Herit. 10, 281–295 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Europeana: Archaeological Museum of Abdera Entries. Accessed 13 Aug 2018

  33. Archaeological Museum of Chania. Accessed 13 Aug 2018

  34. Fernie, K., Gavrilis, D., Angelis, S.: The CARARE metadata schema, v.2.0 (2013). Accessed 13 Aug 2018

  35. Boardman, J.: Athenian Black Figure Vases: A Handbook, London (1974)

    Google Scholar 

  36. Boardman, J.: Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Archaic Period: A Handbook, London (1975)

    Google Scholar 

  37. Boardman, J.: Early Greek Vase Painting, London (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  38. Cook, R.M.: Greek Painted Pottery, Oxford-New York (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  39. Schreiber, T.: Athenian Vase Constructions. A Potter’s Analysis, Malibu (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  40. Trendall, A.D.: Red Figured Vases of South Italy and Sicily, (World Art) London (1989)

    Google Scholar 

  41. Avramidou, A., Tsiafaki, D.: Attica Pottery. Contribution to the contacts of Athens and Thrace, Athens, Kallipos ebook (2015). Accessed 7 June 2018

  42. Perseus Collection Greek and Roman Materials. Accessed 7 June 2018

  43. Classical Art Research Centre. Accessed 7 June 2018

  44. Bibliography of the History of Art (Getty Research Institute). Accessed 7 June 2018

  45. HEREIN: Heritage Network - Council of Europe. Accessed 7 June 2018

Download references


The majority of the 3D objects were obtained gratis from the databases of the archeological museum of Chania and the archeological museum of Abdera, both located in Greece. The tools and libraries used for developing the database and the API were open source code, that are publicly available in the World Wide Web.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Christodoulos Chamzas .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Stergioulas, A., Ioannakis, G., Koutsoudis, A., Chamzas, C. (2018). The Orion Pottery Repository – A Publicly Available 3D Objects’ Benchmark Database with Texture Information. In: Ioannides, M., et al. Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection. EuroMed 2018. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 11196. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-01761-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-01762-0

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics