Advertisement

Conservation of Wetlands on Tunisian Islands: Kerkennah and Kuriat Islands as a Case Study

  • Khouloud Ben CharfiEmail author
  • Amjad Kallel
  • Thanos Giannakakis
  • Imen Rais
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Mediterranean islands’ wetlands have a crucial role in protecting not only the islands of the region from the effects of climate change and natural hazards, but also a wide range of endangered and endemic wildlife species, including a significant number of migratory birds. Islands’ wetlands have highly dynamic changing ecosystems due to the effects of isolation and the anthropogenic perturbations that put these natural systems in a major distress and threaten their well-functioning and existence. Thus, these areas are one of the world’s most threatened ones. Therefore, it is important to know, understand and monitor the changes within them to better understand the ecosystem and habitats dynamics. Through the Mediterranean Islands’ Wetlands project, a methodology has been developed by the WWF Greece and disseminated to 9 Mediterranean countries in order to inventory more than 14,000 Mediterranean islands’ wetlands located on 160 islands. In this project, Google earth’s satellite images, national land use geo-databases with previous inventories’ output were combined to identify, delineate and document possible wetlands. Together with in situ field inventory, these findings were used to better understand the evolution and changes in the systems and create a scientific database for all islands’ wetlands. The aim of this study was to apply this methodology to the Tunisian islands’ wetlands focusing on the significant number of wetlands that were identified in Kerkennah and Kuriat islands. This study showed the importance of building a scientific database to better understand the identified areas, and monitor their evolution in order to set up restoration and conservation strategies.

Keywords

Kerkennah archipelago Kuriat islands Wetlands Salt marsh Sebkhas Inventory Satellite images Degradation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work would not have been possible without the funding of the “MAVA foundation pour la Nature”, so special thanks should be given to all members of the Foundation for their constant support.

Many thanks should also be given to all WWF North Africa and WWF Greece staff members and those with whom we have had the pleasure to work during this project.

References

  1. APAL/SCET-TUNISIE: Etude de gestion des zones sensibles littorales : Iles kuriat. Technical report, Rapport de synthèse, 96 pp (1999)Google Scholar
  2. APAL/SCET-TUNISIE: Gestion des zones sensibles littorales : Les îles kuriat (2000)Google Scholar
  3. APAL.: Etude de gestion de la zone sensible littorale des ilots nord-est de Kerkennah (phase 1: caractérisation du milieu naturel) (2001)Google Scholar
  4. CAR/ASP—PNUE/PAM.: Habitats marins et principales espèces des iles Kuriat (Tunisie)–Etude complémentaire: Formations naturelles d’intérêt pour la conservation. In: Par Langar, H., Bouafif, C., Charfeddine, A., El Asmi, S., Limam, A., Ouerghi, A., Sghaier, Y.R. (Ed.) CAR/ASP—Projet MedMPAnet, Tunis: 36 pages + annexes (2011)Google Scholar
  5. CAR/ASP—PNUE/PAM: Elaboration d’un Plan de Gestion pour l’Aire Marine et Cotiere Protegee des iles Kuriat (Tunisie)—Phase 1: Bilan et Diagnostic. Par Thetis-Cabinet Sami Ben Haj. Ed. CAR/ASP—Projet MedMPAnet, Tunis: 72 p + annexes (2014) Google Scholar
  6. CAR/ASP—PNUE/PAM: Elaboration d’un Plan de Gestion pour l’Aire Marine et Côtière Protégée des îles Kuriat (Tunisie)—Phase 2: Gestion de l’AMCP, définition des objectifs et planification des opérations. Par Thetis-Cabinet Sami Ben Haj. Ed. CAR/ASP—Projet MedMPAnet, Tunis: 56 p + annexes (2015)Google Scholar
  7. Hughes, J. M., Maamouri, F., Hollis, T., Avis, C.: A preliminary inventory of tunisian wetlands (1994)Google Scholar
  8. Manuels Ramsar pour l’utilisation rationnelle des zones humides, 4e éditionGoogle Scholar
  9. Mbarek, M.: Évaluation Économique des Aires Marines Protégées: Apports Méthodologiques et Applications aux îles Kuriat (Tunisie) (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khouloud Ben Charfi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Amjad Kallel
    • 2
  • Thanos Giannakakis
    • 3
  • Imen Rais
    • 1
  1. 1.WWF North AfricaTunisTunisia
  2. 2.National Engineering School of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  3. 3.WWF GreeceAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations