Jose Rizal pp 21-35 | Cite as

Pain and the Purification of Liberty

  • Lisandro E. Claudio
Part of the Global Political Thinkers book series (GPT)


This chapter outlines the key ideas of Rizal’s liberalism, drawing mostly from his essays and collected letters. Although Rizal believed that Spanish liberals were better than the reactionary friars whom he held in contempt, he felt that many of them had become hypocritical in the Philippines, turning their back on their principles. In opposition to this liberalism, Rizal sketches a form of liberalism born through the pain and suffering of the colonial subject.


Liberalism Rizal Liberty Pain Colonial Rights Revolution 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisandro E. Claudio
    • 1
  1. 1.De La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines

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