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This volume concludes that in light of emerging alternative models of development cooperation, the ‘Normative Power Europe’ concept is currently experiencing a revival, even in the context of internal crises and external threats. While economic and geopolitical uncertainties have forced the European Union to angle its development aid framework in a more neoliberal way, the bloc still strives to provide for global public goods. Yet, it is also eager to balance the growing economic and geopolitical influence of China and other emerging nations. Reactions from recipient countries toward the European development policy vary, however. While some are keen to increase European support, such as Nepal, others prefer the South-South-Cooperation approach introduced by the BRICS.