• Sarah L. BeringerEmail author
  • Sylvia Maier
  • Markus Thiel
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


Recognizing that there is not one official European Union development policy but many different national approaches that are currently affected by internal crises (such as BREXIT) and external challenges (massive migration pressures et al.), the introduction to this volume argues that the EU’s development policies are situated between the bloc’s normative ideals and the global geopolitical realities in which it is embedded. In order to investigate these tensions, two key questions are introduced, which examine for the current role of the “normative power” Europe concept and perceptions from recipient countries toward the EU’s international aid engagement.


  1. EEAS (European External Action Service). 2016. Human Rights and Democracy. Accessed 16 May 2017.
  2. European Commission. 2016a. 2015 Annual Report on the EU’s Development and External Assistance Policies and Their Implementation in 2014. Brussels.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 2016b. EU Communication on the Agenda for Change. Accessed 16 May 2017.
  4. European Parliament. 2013. The European Year for Development. Europe in the World. Briefing, January 29.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2016. A General Survey of Development Policy. Brussels.Google Scholar
  6. Ferreira-Pereira, Laura. 2012. The European Union as a ‘Model Power’: Spreading Peace, Democracy and Human Rights in the Wider World. In The Foreign Policy of the European Union: Assessing Europe’s Role in the World, ed. Federiga Bindi and Irina Angelescu, 293–305. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  7. Katzenstein, Peter J. 1996. Cultural Norms and National Security: Police and Military in Postwar Japan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Manners, Ian. 2002. Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms? Journal of Common Market Studies 40 (2): 235–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Niemann, Arne, and Charlotte Bretherton. 2013. EU External Policy at the Crossroads: The Challenge of Actorness and Effectiveness. International Relations 27 (3): 261–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. OECD. 2017. Development Aid Rises Again in 2016. Paris, April 11.Google Scholar
  11. Whitmann, Richard G. 2011. Normative Power Europe. Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ———. 2013. The Neo-Normative Turn in Theorising the EU’s International Presence. Cooperation and Conflict 48 (29): 171–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah L. Beringer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sylvia Maier
    • 2
  • Markus Thiel
    • 3
  1. 1.German Historical InstituteWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Center for Global AffairsNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Steven J. Green School of International and Public AffairsFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations