Biodiesel pp 161-192 | Cite as

Biodiesel Production and Consumption: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Approach

  • Mohammad Ali RajaeifarEmail author
  • Meisam TabatabaeiEmail author
  • Mortaza Aghbashlo
  • Saeed Sadeghzadeh Hemayati
  • Reinout Heijungs
Part of the Biofuel and Biorefinery Technologies book series (BBT, volume 8)


Like all energy carriers including renewable energies, the production to combustion cycle of biodiesel should also be assessed from the sustainability point of view. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a promising approach capable of assisting decision makers to find the environmental consequences of the existing or future biodiesel production plans. For instance, for different feedstocks, production technologies, downstream processes implemented, etc., an LCA of biodiesel production cycles could result in different recommendations ranging from agricultural practices to production and combustion stages. Despite the fact that an ISO standard is available for conducting LCA studies, there are still many challenging issues faced when performing LCA studies concerning biodiesel production and consumption. These challenges include the functional unit, the choice of system boundaries, the impact categories to be assessed, the treatment of land use change, and biogenic carbon. The present chapter provides a systematic overview of the above-mentioned topics with the aim of shedding light on various aspects of LCA of biodiesel production and consumption cycle.


Biodiesel Life cycle assessment Land use change Water footprint Production Combustion 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ali Rajaeifar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Meisam Tabatabaei
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mortaza Aghbashlo
    • 3
  • Saeed Sadeghzadeh Hemayati
    • 4
  • Reinout Heijungs
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Biofuel Research Team (BRTeam)KarajIran
  2. 2.Microbial Biotechnology DepartmentAgricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)KarajIran
  3. 3.Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Agricultural Machinery EngineeringUniversity College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of TehranTehranIran
  4. 4.Sugar Beet Seed Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)KarajIran
  5. 5.Department of Econometrics and Operations ResearchVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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