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3D Convolutional Neural Networks for Classification of Functional Connectomes

  • Meenakshi Khosla
  • Keith Jamison
  • Amy Kuceyeski
  • Mert R. SabuncuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11045)

Abstract

Resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) scans hold the potential to serve as a diagnostic or prognostic tool for a wide variety of conditions, such as autism, Alzheimer’s disease, and stroke. While a growing number of studies have demonstrated the promise of machine learning algorithms for rs-fMRI based clinical or behavioral prediction, most prior models have been limited in their capacity to exploit the richness of the data. For example, classification techniques applied to rs-fMRI often rely on region-based summary statistics and/or linear models. In this work, we propose a novel volumetric Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) framework that takes advantage of the full-resolution 3D spatial structure of rs-fMRI data and fits non-linear predictive models. We showcase our approach on a challenging large-scale dataset (ABIDE, with \(N>2,000\)) and report state-of-the-art accuracy results on rs-fMRI-based discrimination of autism patients and healthy controls.

Keywords

Functional connectivity fMRI Convolutional neural networks Autism ABIDE 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by NIH grants R01LM012719 & R01AG053949 (MS), R21NS10463401 & R01NS10264601A1 (AK), NSF NeuroNex grant 1707312 (MS) & Anna-Maria & Stephen Kellen Foundation Junior Faculty Fellowship (AK).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meenakshi Khosla
    • 1
  • Keith Jamison
    • 2
    • 3
  • Amy Kuceyeski
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mert R. Sabuncu
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.RadiologyWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew York CityUSA
  3. 3.Brain and Mind Research InstituteWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew York CityUSA
  4. 4.Nancy E. and Peter C. Meinig School of Biomedical EngineeringCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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