Advertisement

Error and the Problem of Creation

  • Samuel TalcottEmail author
Chapter
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter begins by considering Canguilhem’s early critique of vitalist confusions before turning to his 1943 commentaries on Bergson’s Creative Evolution. And in his 1952 homage to Alain, I show, he found that both philosophers began an effort to understand creation without falling into the trap of Platonism. Ultimately, I show why Canguilhem thought Alain’s approach to the problem of error is superior to Bergson’s, but that neither theorizes creation without succumbing to Platonism. Through a close reading, I elucidate Canguilhem’s account of Bergson’s importance for a philosophy of values and his failure to conceive of science or error as anything other than falsification of life. For Alain, however, it is his scientific conception of the living body that leads to trouble.

References

  1. Alain. 1920. Les propos d’Alain, Tome 1. Paris: Nouvelle Revue Française.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 1931. Vingt leçons sur les beaux-arts. Paris: Éditions Gallimard.Google Scholar
  3. ———. (1934) 1988. The Gods. Translated by R. Pevear. London: Quartet Books; Les dieux. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  4. Allendy, René. 1929. Orientation des idées médicales. Paris: Au Sans Pareil.Google Scholar
  5. Bergson, Henri. 1904. “Le Paralogisme Psycho-physiolgique.” Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 12ème année (6): 895–908.Google Scholar
  6. ———. (1911) 1998. Creative Evolution. Translated by A. Mitchell. Mineola: Dover Publications; (1907) 2013. L’évolution créatrice. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  7. Canguilhem, Georges. 1930. “La Renaissance du Vitalisme.” Europe (89) (Mai 15); Reprinted in Canguilhem 2011, 294–301.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1935. “Alain: Les Dieux (1 vol.—N.R.F.—1934).” Europe (147) (mars 15); Reprinted in Canguilhem 2011, 475–479.Google Scholar
  9. ———. 1938. “Activité Technique et Création.” Séance du 26 février de la Société Toulousaine de la philosophie; Reprinted in Canguilhem 2011, 499–509.Google Scholar
  10. ———. (1942) 1943. “Cours de Philosophie Générale et de Logique (Extraits)”; Reprinted in Canguilhem 2015, 81–109; English Translation in Canguilhem 1994, 351–354; 359–370; 378–384.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 1943a. “Commentaire au Troisième chapitre de l’Évolution Créatrice.” Bulletin de la Faculté des Lettres de Strasbourg 21(5–6) (mars–avril): 126–143; Reprinted in Canguilhem 2015, 111–143.Google Scholar
  12. ———. 1943b. “Commentaire au Troisième chapitre de l’Évolution Créatrice (Suite).” Bulletin de la Faculté des Lettres de Strasbourg 21 (8) (juin): 199–214; Reprinted in Canguilhem 2015, 145–170.Google Scholar
  13. ———. (1943) 1989. The Normal and the Pathological. Translated by C. R. Fawcett. Brooklyn: Zone Books; (1943) 1966. Le normal et le pathologique. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 1952. “Réflexions sur la création artistique selon Alain.” Revue de métaphysique et de morale 57(2) (avril–juin): 171–186; Reprinted in Canguilhem 2015, 415–435.Google Scholar
  15. ———. 1994. A Vital Rationalist: Selected Writings from Georges Canguilhem. Edited by François Delaporte. Translated by A. Goldhammer. Brooklyn: Zone Books.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 2011. Oeuvres Complètes, Tome 1. Edited by Braunstein and Schwartz. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2015. Oeuvres Complètes, Tome 4. Edited by Limoges. Paris: Vrin. Google Scholar
  18. Canguilhem, Georges, and C. Planet. 1939. Traité de logique et de morale. Toulouse: Librairie Trentin; Reprinted in Canguilhem 2011, 633–924.Google Scholar
  19. Dupréel, Eugène. 1939. Esquisse d’une philosophie des valeurs. Paris: Félix Alcan.Google Scholar
  20. Grimoult, Cédric. 2001. L’Évolution biologique en France: Une révolution scientifique, politique, et culturelle. Genève-Paris: Librairie Droz.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jankélévitch, Vladimir. (1931) 2015. Henri Bergson. Edited by Lefebvre and Schott. Translated by N. F. Schott. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Lachelier, Jules. 1926. “Sur la négation.” In André Lalande, dir. (1926) 1996. Vocabulaire technique et critique de la philosophie. 18ème éd., 680. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  23. Lawlor, Leonard. 2006. The Implications of Immanence: Toward a New Concept of Life. New York: Fordham University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pascal, Blaise. 1985. De l’esprit géometrique. Paris: Flammarion.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 1995. Pensées and Other Writings. Translated by H. Levi. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Plato. 1997. Complete Works. Edited by J. M. Cooper. Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett Publishing.Google Scholar
  27. Roth, Xavier. 2013. “Le jeune Canguilhem, lecteur de Bergson (1927–1939).” Dialogue 52 (4) (December): 625–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Talcott, Samuel. 2014. “Errant Life, Molecular Biology, and the Conceptualization of Biopower: Georges Canguilhem, François Jacob, and Michel Foucault.” History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (2): 254–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vasari, Giorgio. (1550) 1991. The Lives of the Artists. Translated by Bondanella and Bondanella. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Vialleton, Louis. 1929. L’origine des Êtres vivants. L’illusion transformiste. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HumanitiesUniversity of the SciencesPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations