Osteoporosis in Men

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


Ageing in men is accompanied by a steady decline in levels of gonadal steroids and of growth hormones which largely determine the decrease in bone mineral density. The concept of “andropause”, i.e. the natural age-related decline in testosterone levels in men, is beginning to be understood and to be accepted by health-care professionals and by the general public. Many studies have now been carried out on the effects of hypogonadism in men and its consequences, not only osteoporosis. The consequences of ageing usually also affect the bones, directly or indirectly.


Anorexia nervosa Testosterone level Turner syndrome Peak bone mass Gonadal steroid 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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