The Threat of SSL/TLS Stripping to Online Voting

  • Anthony Cardillo
  • Aleksander EssexEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11143)


In many real-world deployments of online voting, Transport Layer Security (TLS) represents the primary (and in some cases only) line of defense against network based man-in-the-middle attacks that can steal voter credentials and modify ballot selections. In this paper we examine online voting in the context of TLS stripping attacks, which exploit the situation where a voter types or clicks a URL of the form or Despite the widespread availability of effective protections, we present a study of voting-related websites finding the overwhelming majority are vulnerable to TLS stripping to some degree, with most offering no explicit protection at all.


Online Voting Transport Layer Security (TLS) Typical Voter HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) Voting Site 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Thanks to Ben Adida, Kirsten Dorey, Lucas Garron and the anonymous reviewers.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringWestern UniversityLondonCanada

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