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The English Channel: Becoming like the Seas Around Japan

  • Jean-Claude DauvinEmail author
  • Jean-Philippe Pezy
  • Alexandrine Baffreau
Conference paper

Abstract

The European seas are known to be the recipient of several hundreds of Non-Native Species (NNS). Two main origins have been identified: from shipping, including discharge of ballast waters and biofouling, and through voluntary introduction in aquaculture. There are more than one hundred NNS recorded in the English Channel, which remains low in comparison with the number of marine invertebrate species known in the EC (>3000). The main sites of introduction are the harbours, especially Le Havre. Among these NNS, 54 species come from the seas off Japan, and are now present in 48 established populations. In this study, we provide comments on the taxonomic groups, introduction pathways, distributions and population dynamics of listed NNS in the EC. Three specific examples of invasive species are described in detail, the oyster Magallena gigas and the two crabs Hemigrapsus sanguineus and H. takanoi. These species have changed the dynamics and functioning of the foreshore and coastal ecosystems, where they make up abundant populations. In fact, the oyster is now a key species for the French economy, while the rapid expansion of both crabs could be a problem for the development of oyster and mussel aquaculture since they are predators of young bivalves.

Keywords

Non-native species English channel Japanese origin Hemigrapsus spp Magallena gigas 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank M. Carpenter for the English language revision, and the “Agence de l’Eau Seine Normandie” for its financial support of the 2016–2017 project “Réalisation d’un guide des espèces marines animales et végétales non indigènes dans les eaux normandes de la baie du Mont-Saint Michel à l’estuaire de l’Authie”. They are also grateful to S. Jobert, M. Rocroy, B. de Boisgelin and L. Lefort for their help during Hemigrapsus sampling and C. Dancie and T. Ruellet for their participation in the inter-regional Normandy Picardy project COHENOPI. This study received also financial support from the French national programme EC2CO entitled ‘Colonisation des côtes par deux espèces du genre Hemigrapsus: origine, état des lieux et compétition interspécifique en Manche/Mer du Nord’. Jean-Claude Dauvin acknowledges the Japanese-French Oceanographic Society in Japan and its President, Professor Teruhisa Komatsu (SFJO-J), for his invitation to take part in the 16th Japanese-French Oceanography Symposium, held in Tohoku/Tokyo, Japan, from 17–21 November 2015, on the topic ‘The sea under human and natural impacts: Challenge of oceanography to the future earth’.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Claude Dauvin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jean-Philippe Pezy
    • 1
  • Alexandrine Baffreau
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Morphodynamique Continentale et CôtièreNormandie Univ—UNICAEN, UMR CNRS 6143CaenFrance

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