A U-Nets Cascade for Sparse View Computed Tomography
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We propose a new convolutional neural network architecture for image reconstruction in sparse view computed tomography. The proposed network consists of a cascade of U-nets and data consistency layers. While the U-nets address the undersampling artifacts, the data consistency layers model the specific scanner geometry and make direct use of measured data. We train the network cascade end-to-end on sparse view cardiac CT images. The proposed network’s performance is evaluated according to different quantitative measures and compared to the one of a cascade with fully convolutional neural networks with residual connections and to the one of a single U-net with approximately the same number of trainable parameters. While in both experiments the methods show similar performance in terms of quantitative measures, our proposed U-nets cascade yields superior visual results and better preserves the overall image structure as well as fine diagnostic details, e.g. the coronary arteries. The latter is also confirmed by a statistically significant increase of the Haar-wavelet-based perceptual similarity index measure in all the experiments.
KeywordsDeep learning Convolutional neural networks Data consistency Computed tomography Sparse sampling
The authors would like to thank the reviewers for the helpful feedback. A. Kofler acknowledges support of the German Research Foundation (DFG), project number GRK 2260, BIOQIC. M. Haltmeier acknowledges support of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), project P 30747-N32.
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