Phytoremediation of Explosives

Part of the Concepts and Strategies in Plant Sciences book series (CSPS)


The widespread use of civilian, industrial, and military munitions has led to pollution by explosive compounds in aquatic and terrestrial environments. Each step in the life cycle of a munition from production, transport, storage, distribution, and destruction can introduce explosives as pure liquid or solids via leaching, contaminant spills, trace particles, whole or partial unexploded and exploded ordnance. Remediating explosives is difficult because the behavior of any one explosive compound is rather difficult as a number of factors can vastly alter how it moves, where it binds, and how it is sequestered by organisms. The phytoremediation of explosives focuses largely on sequestering compounds in their parent forms or transforming and degrading the compounds to inert forms using inherent metabolic processes in the plants themselves.


Degradation Explosives Munitions Nitrate esters Nitroamines Nitroaromatics Phytoremediation Ordinance Secondary contamination Sequestration Tolerance 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyNorfolk State UniversityNorfolkUSA

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