Skull base and face

  • Jean C. Tamraz
  • Claire Outin
  • Mario Forjaz Secca
  • Bassam Soussi


The neuro-ocular plane (N.O.P.) remains the most accurate cephalic orientation for the investigation and biometrical study as well as for follow-up of diseases of the eyes and the optic nerves in the axial or in the coronal planes. The same applies to the screening and exploration of diseases involving the face and skull base, due to the close parallelism of NOP to the Frankfurt-Virchow anthropological baseline. Several works demonstrated these widely adopted results.


Optic Nerve Skull Base Cavernous Sinus Hyperintense Signal Internal Auditory Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean C. Tamraz
    • 1
  • Claire Outin
    • 2
  • Mario Forjaz Secca
    • 3
  • Bassam Soussi
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologyCHU Hôtel-Dieu de France Université Saint-JosephBeirutLebanon
  2. 2.Chief Neuroimaging DepartmentTrad Hospital & Medical CenterBeirutLebanon
  3. 3.Departamento de Fisica Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaMonte de CaparteoPortugal
  4. 4.NMR Research Lab & Bioenergetics Grp Wallenberg LaboratorySahlgrenska University Hospital Gothenburg UniversityGöteborgSweden

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