Anaesthesia for Supine and Modified Supine PNL

  • Adebanji A. B. AdeyojuEmail author
  • Neil Sutcliffe


Anaesthetists need to be aware of the difficulties and complications specific to PNL, a well-established endourological means of kidney stone removal. Although traditionally PNL has been performed in the semi-prone or prone position, more recently some centres have been successfully performing the procedure in a supine or modified supine position. This presents some significant advantages from the viewpoint of the anaesthetist, as well as a small number of disadvantages. However, many of the anaesthetist’s concerns regarding PNL are similar whatever the position used. Patient’s features and co-morbidities should be preliminarily evaluated in order to choose the best anaesthetic technique. Intraoperative management is also described, facing not only specific PNL complications such as blood loss or septic risk but also often overlooked issues including fluid balance and thermal control.


Prone Position Regional Anaesthetic Technique Central Venous Pressure Monitoring Significant Heart Failure Sputum Retention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Consultant Urological Surgeon, Department of UrologyStepping Hill Hospital NHS Foundation TrustStockportUK

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