Anatomy for PNL

  • Cecilia Maria CraccoEmail author
  • Alessandro Eugenio Vercelli


A good preoperative knowledge of the anatomy of the kidney of a given patient (including vascularization and collecting system) and of the topographic relationships of the kidney with the surrounding organs is fundamental in order to choose the best therapeutic approach, foresee possible intraoperative technical difficulties, inform the patient about success and complication rates, prepare a proper and complete endourological armamentarium of instruments and accessories, and plan the best renal puncture. Static anatomy data obtained from preoperative studies should then be integrated with dynamic real-time anatomy investigated by preliminary endoscopy.


Renal Pelvis Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Inferior Pole Renal Sinus Superior Pole 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia Maria Cracco
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alessandro Eugenio Vercelli
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of UrologyCottolengo HospitalTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Neuroscience Institute of the Cavalieri Ottolenghi FoundationOrbassano (Torino)Italy
  3. 3.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of TorinoTorinoItaly

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