PNL in Paediatric Patients

  • Antonio FrattiniEmail author
  • Cesare Marco Scoffone
  • Stefania Ferretti


Incidence and indications of urolithiasis treatment in children are revised in this chapter. In particular, the authors afford the issue of paediatric PNL, with particular reference to the operative armamentarium needed, patient positioning and advantages of the supine position in children, renal anatomical features and technical aspects of ECIRS (Endoscopic Combined IntraRenal Surgery) in young age (with details regarding renal access and tract dilation). Paediatric ECIRS is as safe and effective as in adults, especially in case of concomitant congenital urinary malformations.


Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Bladder Stone Ureteral Access Sheath Renal Access Paediatric Urolithiasis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Frattini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cesare Marco Scoffone
    • 2
  • Stefania Ferretti
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of UrologyGuastalla HospitalGuastalla, (Reggio Emilia)Italy
  2. 2.Department of UrologyCottolengo HospitalTorinoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, Urology UnitUniversity Hospital of ParmaParmaItaly

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