Les interventions de psychochirurgie

  • Marc Lévêque

En résumé

Il existe deux grandes familles d’interventions en psychochirurgie (fig. 52). La première consiste à réaliser, par stéréotaxie, une lésion, grâce à la chaleur (thermocoagulation) ou à des radiations ionisantes (radiochirurgie), en un ou plusieurs points précis du cerveau. La seconde, plus récente, est celle des techniques de stimulations prenant pour cible aussi bien des structures profondes du cerveau que le cortex ou le nerf vague. Par opposition aux précédentes, ces techniques ont des effets réversibles, adaptables et font appel à des dispositifs — électrodes et stimulateurs — implantés.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Paris 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Lévêque
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de neurochirurgie Hôpital universitaire de la Pitié-Salpêtrière Assistance publiqueHôpitaux de ParisParisFrance

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