The Primary Nose and Palate in Evolution

  • Roger Jankowski


The aim of this chapter is to understand how the primary nose and palate formed when vertebrates emerged from water on to land, passing from the fish stage through that of the amphibians to the reptiles (from which evolved the final vertebrate groups, the birds and mammals).


Nerve Cord Lower Devonian Olfactory Organ Olfactory Placode Developmental Gene Expression 
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© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Jankowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculté de Médecine Service ORL - CHUUniversité de LorraineNancyFrance

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