The Nose in Midface Development

  • Roger Jankowski


Cephalic development involves extremely complex morphogenetic mechanisms built on conserved elements that have undergone enormous evolutionary changes. Transient expressions of phylogenetic origins characterize ontogeny so that the development of the human nose fleetingly reflects different evolutionary stages. In this way, it can be said that development mirrors evolution.


Phylogenetic Origin Interhemispheric Fissure Human Nose Apparent Importance Craniofacial Malformation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Jankowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculté de Médecine Service ORL - CHUUniversité de LorraineNancyFrance

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