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Benzène, hydrocarbures polycycliques, pollution atmosphérique

  • Jacqueline Clavel
  • Pauline Brosselin
  • Claire Faure

Abstrait

Les hydrocarbures sont des composés organiques constitués de carbone et d’hydrogène. Il s’agit donc d’une définition très large qui recouvre les composés aromatiques à un cycle comme le benzène ou ses dérivés méthylés toluène ou xylène, les chaînes polycarbonées saturées ou non, et les hydrocarbures polycycliques aromatiques dérivés de la combustion des matières organiques comme les goudrons et les suies. Certaines peintures, colles et dégraissants, les carburants, la fumée de tabac, les gaz d’échappement sont les sources d’exposition les plus fréquentes, même en dehors de la vie professionnelle. Certaines expositions professionnelles maternelles pendant la grossesse peuvent induire une exposition in utero de l’enfant. Pendant l’enfance, les principales expositions proviennent du trafic routier, des installations industrielles ou du tabagisme passif. Ce chapitre ne reprend pas les expositions au tabagisme passif, qui sont traitées dans le chapitre « Tabagisme passif — Alimentation maternelle, consommation d’alcool et de drogues ».

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline Clavel
    • 1
  • Pauline Brosselin
    • 2
  • Claire Faure
    • 2
  1. 1.INSERM UMR-S754Épidémiologie environnementale des cancersVillejuif Cedex
  2. 2.INSERM UMR-S754Épidémiologie environnementale des cancers Registre national des hémopathies malignes de l’enfantVillejuif Cedex

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