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Exposition aux pesticides, agriculture, résidence dans une ferme

  • Jacqueline Clavel
  • Pauline Brosselin
  • Jérémie Rudant
  • Florence Menegaux

Abstrait

L’influence de l’exposition aux pesticides sur le risque de cancer de l’enfant a déjà fait l’objet de plusieurs revues (1—5). Les pesticides sont des produits phytosanitaires utilisés pour lutter contre les mauvaises herbes (herbicides), les insectes (insecticides) ou les champignons (fongicides). Ils sont ainsi manipulés dans des cadres professionnels agricoles ou non agricoles (pour le traitement des charpentes par exemple), pour jardiner ou, à domicile, contre les moustiques, les cafards ou les mites. Le terme « pesticides » recouvre ainsi des traitements dont l’usage, la cible, les modalités d’application et la formulation sont au moins aussi variésque les médicaments utilisés chez l’homme. Cette diversité se réduit considérablement si l’on se limiteà l’usage domestique d’insecticides, usage de loin le plus fréquent en population générale. La littérature des années 1970 et 1980 a surtout portésur les expositions professionnelles parentales, devenues depuis plus rares et plus difficiles à étudier. Depuis 20 ans, les expositions domestiques y tiennent une place majeure. Les publications les plus nombreuses et les plus cohérentes concernent les leucémies de l’enfant.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline Clavel
    • 1
  • Pauline Brosselin
    • 2
  • Jérémie Rudant
    • 2
  • Florence Menegaux
    • 2
  1. 1.ÉpidÉmiologie environnementale des cancersVillejuif Cedex
  2. 2.INSERM UMR-S754épidémiologie environnementale des cancers Registre national des hémopathies malignes de l’enfantVillejuif Cedex

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