Skip to main content

Strengthening the Security of Machine Readable Documents by Combining RFID and Optical Memory Devices

  • Conference paper

Abstract

There is an on-going trend towards turning paper documents that store personal information or other valuable data into machine-readable form. An example of this trend is the electronic passport that will become common in the near future. In this paper we show how the security of these machine readable documents could be improved by combining RFID with optical memory devices. We propose integrating an optical memory device into the RFID enabled smart document and present methods how these two storage media can be combined to secure the document against threats like illicit scanning, eavesdropping and forgery. The presented approaches make use of the optical document-to-reader channel which is more secure than the radio-frequency communication interface. To demonstrate the potential of our approaches we show how they could overcome a number of existing security and privacy threats of electronic passports.

Keywords

  • Memory Device
  • Authentication Protocol
  • Reader Device
  • Physical Document
  • Travel Document

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-2-287-47610-5_6
  • Chapter length: 16 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-2-287-47610-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Tesa AG. Protection system by Tesa Scribos marks spare part packs. http://www.tesa.com/corporate/211628.html (28.3.2006), 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  2. T. Dimitriou. A lightweight RFID protocol to protect against traceability and cloning attacks. In Conference on Security and Privacy for Emerging Areas in Communication Networks — SecureComm, Athens, Greece, September 2005. IEEE.

    Google Scholar 

  3. EPCglobal. Class-1 generation-2 UHF RFID conformance requirements specification v. 1.0.2. EPCglobal public document, October 4, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  4. American Association for Motor Vehicle Administrators. Current and planned technologies for U.S. jurisdictions. http://www.aamva.org/standards/stdUSLicenseTech.asp (22.3.2006), 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  5. RFID Gazette. E-passports. News article, November 8, 2005. http://www.rfidgazette.org/airline/index.html (28.3.2006), 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  6. R. Hagen and T. Bieringer. Photoaddressable polymers for optical data storage. Advanced Materials Volume 13, Issue 23, Pages 1805–1810, 2001.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. C. Hammerschmidt. Polymer electronics yet to realize promise. EETimes Germany, November 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  8. ICAO. Document 9303, machine readable travel documents. http://www.icao.int/mrtd/publications/doc.cfm (28.3.2006), October 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  9. ICAO. PKI for machine readable travel documents offering icc read-only access, technical report, version 1.1. http://www.icao.int/mrtd/publications/doc.cfm (28.3.2006), October 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Veritec Inc. VSCode technology overview. http://www.veritecinc.com/vs code.html (28.3.2006), 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  11. RFID Journal. U.S. tests e-passports. News Article, November 2, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  12. RFID Journal. United states sets date for e-passports. News Article, October 25, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  13. RFID Journal. Roman lab to offer commercial services. News Article, March 28, 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  14. A. Juels. RFID security and privacy: A research survey. Manuscript, September 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  15. A. Juels. Strengthening EPC tags against cloning. Manuscript, March 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  16. A. Juels, D. Molnar, and D. Wagner. Security and privacy issues in e-passports. In Conference on Security and Privacy for Emerging Areas in Communication Networks — SecureComm, Athens, Greece, September 2005. IEEE.

    Google Scholar 

  17. A. Juels and R. Pappu. Squealing euros: Privacy protection in RFID-enabled banknotes. In Rebecca N. Wright, editor, Financial Cryptography — FC’03, volume 2742 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 103–121, Le Gosier, Guadeloupe, French West Indies, January 2003. IFCA, Springer-Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  18. A. Juels and S. Weis. Authenticating pervasive devices with human protocols. In Victor Shoup, editor, Advances in Cryptology — CRYPTO’05, volume 3126 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 293–308, Santa Barbara, California, USA, August 2005. IACR, Springer-Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  19. A. Kerckhoffs. La cryptographie militaire. http://www.petitcolas.net/fabien/kerckhoffs/ (21.4.2006), January 1883.

    Google Scholar 

  20. U.S. Department of State. Visa-waiver program (VWP). http://travel.state.gov/visa/temp/without/without 1990.html (20.4.2006), 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  21. N. Pattison. Securing and enhancing the privacy of the e-passport with contactless electronic chips. Contact: pattison@axalto.com, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  22. R. Raskar, P. Beardsley, J. Baar, Y. Wang, P.H. Dietz, J. Lee, D. Leigh, and T. Willwacher. RFIG lamps: Interacting with a self-describing world via photosensing wireless tags and projectors. ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) SIGGRAPH, 23(3):406–415, August 2004.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  23. T. Staake, F. Thiesse, and E. Fleisch. Extending the EPC network-the potential of RFID in anti-counterfeiting. In 2005 ACM symposium on Applied computing, pages 1607–1612, New York (NY), 2005. ACM Press.

    Google Scholar 

  24. K. Takaragi, M. Usami, R. Imura, and T. Itsuki, and R. Satoh. An ultra small individual recognition security chip. IEEE Micro, November–December, 2001.

    Google Scholar 

  25. C. Tellkamp, A. Angerer, E. Fleisch, and D. Corsten. From pallet to shelf: Improving data quality in retail supply chains using rfid. Cutter IT Journal-The Journal of Information Technology Management, Vol. 17, No. 9, pp. 19–24, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  26. International Herald Tribune. U.S. to alter passport design because of privacy fears. News Article, April 28, 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  27. P. Tuyls and L. Batina. Rfid-tags for anti-counterfeiting. In David Pointcheval, editor, Topics in Cryptology-CT-RSA 2006, The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2006, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, San Jose, CA, USA, February 2006. Springer-Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  28. S. Weis. Rfid privacy workshop: Concerns, consensus, and questions. IEEE Security and Privacy, vol. 02, no. 2, pp. 48–50, 2004.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  29. M.J. Wickett. Memories of the future. emerging replacements for semiconductor memory, optical and magnetic disks. Multimedia Systems-MMS 2002, South Hampton, UK, January 2002, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  30. K. Wong, P. Hui, and A. Chan. Cryptography and authentication on RFID passive tags for apparel products. Computers in Industry, May 2006.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2006 Springer-Verlag France, Paris

About this paper

Cite this paper

Lehtonen, M., Michahelles, F., Staake, T., Fleisch, E. (2006). Strengthening the Security of Machine Readable Documents by Combining RFID and Optical Memory Devices. In: Developing Ambient Intelligence. Springer, Paris. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-2-287-47610-5_6

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-2-287-47610-5_6

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Paris

  • Print ISBN: 978-2-287-47469-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-2-287-47610-5

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)