Two Advising Paradigms

  • David W. Russell


Chapter 11 suggested methods to improve the rate of learning of the BOXES algorithm. This chapter expands upon the suggested structural alteration to the methodology to include the use of advisor cells which are defined as those that are positioned close to active cells in the state space. If the cumulative value of their advice outweighs the cell’s own natural strength, an advisor enhanced decision is allowed to prevail. If the advice is weak, the natural value is asserted. In either case, during the post-processing phase, the advisor cells are statistically rewarded or penalized based on their contribution or suggestions. This chapter discusses two advising schema and an improvement to either one that involves delaying the advising process until the system has gained some maturity. To illustrate the method results obtained from simulations of an inverted pendulum are included which show the profound impact that advisor logic has on the learning performance of the familiar learning algorithm.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.The School of Graduate Professional StudiesPenn State UniversityMalvernUSA

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