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Algae Energy pp 159-181 | Cite as

Biorefineries

  • Ayhan Demirbas
  • M. Fatih Demirbas
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Energy needs are increasing continuously because of increases in industrialization and population. The growth of the world’s energy demand raises urgent problems. The larger part of petroleum and natural gas reserves is located within a small group of countries. Today’s energy system is unsustainable because of equity issues as well as environmental, economic, and geopolitical concerns that have implications far into the future. Bioenergy is one of the most important components of greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation and fossil–fuel replacement (Goldemberg 2000; Dincer 2008). Renewable energy is one of the most efficient ways to achieve sustainable development.

Keywords

Itaconic Acid Distillation Column Biomass Feedstock Transportation Fuel Liquid Biofuel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayhan Demirbas
    • 1
  • M. Fatih Demirbas
    • 2
  1. 1.Sirnak UniversitySirnakTurkey
  2. 2.University Mah.Sila Science and Energy Unlimited CompanyTrabzonTurkey

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