The prostate surrounds the urethra in the region between the bladder neck and the urogenital diaphragm. Its ducts and the ejaculatory ducts empty into the urethra. Maldevelopments of the prostate are rare. The prostate is a problematic organ that arguably accounts for more doctor’s visits by men than any other organ. Inflammatory conditions are troublesome from late youth onward, and problems with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer are remarkably common in older men.